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{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} {{#invoke:Pp-move-indef|main}} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use dmy dates |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Infobox German state |date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Infobox|infobox}}{{#invoke:Check for unknown parameters|check|unknown=|ignoreblank=y | name | official_name | native_name | native_name_lang | other_name | settlement_type | type | translit_lang1 | translit_lang1_type1 | translit_lang1_type | translit_lang1_info | translit_lang1_type2 | translit_lang1_info1 | translit_lang1_type3 | translit_lang1_info2 | translit_lang1_type4 | translit_lang1_info3 | translit_lang1_type5 | translit_lang1_info4 | translit_lang1_type6 | translit_lang1_info5 | translit_lang1_info6 | translit_lang2 | translit_lang2_type1 | translit_lang2_type | translit_lang2_info | translit_lang2_type2 | translit_lang2_info1 | translit_lang2_type3 | translit_lang2_info2 | translit_lang2_type4 | translit_lang2_info3 | translit_lang2_type5 | translit_lang2_info4 | translit_lang2_type6 | translit_lang2_info5 | translit_lang2_info6 | image_skyline | image | imagesize | image_alt | image_caption | image_flag | image_seal | image_shield | image_blank_emblem | pushpin_map_narrow | pushpin_map | flag_size | flag_border | flag_alt | flag_link | seal_size | seal_alt | seal_type | seal_link | shield_size | shield_alt | shield_link | blank_emblem_size | blank_emblem_alt | blank_emblem_type | blank_emblem_link | image_map | mapsize | map_alt | map_caption | pushpin_map_alt | pushpin_mapsize | pushpin_relief | pushpin_image | pushpin_overlay | pushpin_label_position | pushpin_label | pushpin_map_caption | nickname | motto | anthem | image_map1 | mapsize1 | map_alt1 | map_caption1 | pushpin_map1 | pushpin_map_alt1 | pushpin_mapsize1 | pushpin_relief1 | pushpin_image1 | pushpin_overlay1 | pushpin_label_position1 | pushpin_label1 | pushpin_map_caption1 | image_dot_map | coor_pinpoint | coor_type | coordinates_type | population_total | population | coordinates_region | grid_name | grid_position | coordinates_wikidata | latd | latm | lats | latNS | longd | longm | longs | longEW | coordinates_display | coordinates_format | coordinates_footnotes | subdivision_type | subdivision_name | subdivision_type1 | subdivision_name1 | subdivision_type2 | subdivision_name2 | subdivision_type3 | subdivision_name3 | subdivision_type4 | subdivision_name4 | subdivision_type5 | subdivision_name5 | subdivision_type6 | subdivision_name6 | established_title | established_date | established_title1 | established_date1 | established_title2 | established_date2 | established_title3 | established_date3 | established_title4 | established_date4 | extinct_title | extinct_date | founder | named_for | seat_type | seat | seat1_type | seat1 | parts_type | parts | p1 | parts_style | p2 | p3 | p4 | p5 | p6 | p7 | p8 | p9 | p10 | p11 | p12 | p13 | p14 | p15 | p16 | p17 | p18 | p19 | p20 | p21 | p22 | p23 | p24 | p25 | p26 | p27 | p28 | p29 | p30 | p31 | p32 | p33 | p34 | p35 | p36 | p37 | p38 | p39 | p40 | p41 | p42 | p43 | p44 | p45 | p46 | p47 | p48 | p49 | p50 | government_type | governing_body | leader_name | leader_name1 | leader_name2 | leader_name3 | leader_name4 | government_footnotes | leader_title | leader_party | leader_title1 | leader_title2 | leader_title3 | leader_title4 | area_total_km2 | area_total_ha | area_total_acre | area_total_sq_mi | area_total_dunam | area_land_km2 | area_land_ha | area_land_acre | area_land_sq_mi | area_water_km2 | area_water_ha | area_water_acre | area_water_sq_mi | area_urban_km2 | area_urban_ha | area_urban_acre | area_urban_sq_mi | area_rural_sq_mi | area_rural_ha | area_rural_acre | area_rural_km2 | area_metro_km2 | area_metro_ha | area_metro_acre | area_blank1_km2 | area_blank1_ha | area_blank1_acre | area_metro_sq_mi | area_blank1_sq_mi | total_type | area_footnotes | dunam_link | unit_pref | area_magnitude | area_land_dunam | area_water_dunam | area_water_percent | area_urban_footnotes | area_urban_dunam | area_rural_footnotes | area_rural_dunam | area_metro_footnotes | area_metro_dunam | area_rank | area_blank1_title | area_blank1_dunam | area_blank2_title | area_blank2_km2 | area_blank2_ha | area_blank2_acre | area_blank2_sq_mi | area_blank2_dunam | area_note | length_km | length_mi | width_km | width_mi | dimensions_footnotes | elevation_footnotes | elevation_point | elevation_m | elevation_ft | elevation_max_footnotes | elevation_max_point | elevation_max_m | elevation_max_ft | elevation_max_rank | elevation_min_rank | elevation_min_footnotes | elevation_min_point | elevation_min_m | elevation_min_ft | population_metro | population_urban | population_rural | population_as_of | population_footnotes | population_blank1 | population_blank2 | population_est | pop_est_as_of | pop_est_footnotes | population_rank | population_density_km2 | population_density_sq_mi | population_density_rank | population_urban_footnotes | population_density_urban_km2 | population_density_urban_sq_mi | population_rural_footnotes | population_density_rural_km2 | population_density_rural_sq_mi | population_metro_footnotes | population_density_metro_km2 | population_density_metro_sq_mi | population_blank1_title | population_blank1_footnotes | population_density_blank1_km2 | population_density_blank1_sq_mi | population_blank2_title | population_blank2_footnotes | population_density_blank2_km2 | population_density_blank2_sq_mi | population_note | population_demonym | demographics_type1 | demographics1_footnotes | demographics1_title1 | demographics1_info1 | demographics1_title2 | demographics1_info2 | demographics1_title3 | demographics1_info3 | demographics1_title4 | demographics1_info4 | demographics1_title5 | demographics1_info5 | demographics1_title6 | demographics1_info6 | demographics1_title7 | demographics1_info7 | demographics_type2 | demographics2_footnotes | demographics2_title1 | demographics2_info1 | demographics2_title2 | demographics2_info2 | demographics2_title3 | demographics2_info3 | demographics2_title4 | demographics2_info4 | demographics2_title5 | demographics2_info5 | demographics2_title6 | demographics2_info6 | demographics2_title7 | demographics2_info7 | timezone2 | timezone | timezone1 | utc_offset | utc_offset1 | utc_offset2 | timezone1_DST | timezone_DST | utc_offset1_DST | utc_offset_DST | timezone2_DST | utc_offset2_DST | postal_code_type | postal_code | postal2_code_type | postal2_code | area_code_type | area_code | geocode | iso_code | registration_plate | blank_name | blank_name_sec1 | blank_info | blank_info_sec1 | blank1_name | blank1_name_sec1 | blank1_info | blank1_info_sec1 | blank2_name | blank2_name_sec1 | blank2_info | blank2_info_sec1 | blank3_name | blank3_name_sec1 | blank3_info | blank3_info_sec1 | blank4_name | blank4_name_sec1 | blank4_info | blank4_info_sec1 | blank5_name | blank5_name_sec1 | blank5_info | blank5_info_sec1 | blank6_name | blank6_name_sec1 | blank6_info | blank6_info_sec1 | blank7_name | blank7_name_sec1 | blank7_info | blank7_info_sec1 | blank_name_sec2 | blank_info_sec2 | blank1_name_sec2 | blank1_info_sec2 | blank2_name_sec2 | blank2_info_sec2 | blank3_name_sec2 | blank3_info_sec2 | blank4_name_sec2 | blank4_info_sec2 | blank5_name_sec2 | blank5_info_sec2 | blank6_name_sec2 | blank6_info_sec2 | blank7_name_sec2 | blank7_info_sec2 | website | footnotes }} }} Berlin ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}, German: [bɛɐ̯ˈliːn]) is the capital of Germany and one of the 16 states of Germany. With a population of 3.5 million people,<ref name="Population" /> it is the second most populous city proper and the seventh most populous urban area in the European Union.<ref name="Insee - -" >{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Located in northeastern Germany on the banks of Rivers Spree and Havel, it is the centre of the Berlin-Brandenburg Metropolitan Region, which has about six million residents from over 180 nations.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref name=LUZ>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Due to its location in the European Plain, Berlin is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate. Around one-third of the city's area is composed of forests, parks, gardens, rivers and lakes.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>

First documented in the 13th century, Berlin became the capital of the Margraviate of Brandenburg (1417-1701), the Kingdom of Prussia (1701–1918), the German Empire (1871–1918), the Weimar Republic (1919–1933) and the Third Reich (1933–1945).<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Berlin in the 1920s was the third largest municipality in the world.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> After World War II, the city was divided; East Berlin became the capital of East Germany while West Berlin became a de facto West German exclave, surrounded by the Berlin Wall (1961–1989).<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Following German reunification in 1990, Berlin was once again designated as the capital of all Germany.

Berlin is a world city of culture, politics, media, and science.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }} See also: {{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref> {{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref> Its economy is based on high-tech firms and the service sector, encompassing a diverse range of creative industries, research facilities, media corporations, and convention venues.<ref name=congress>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref name=Cityofdesign>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=pressrelease |type=Press release }}</ref> Berlin serves as a continental hub for air and rail traffic and has a highly complex public transportation network. The metropolis is a popular tourist destination.<ref>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref> Significant industries also include IT, pharmaceuticals, biomedical engineering, clean tech, biotechnology, construction, and electronics.

Modern Berlin is home to renowned universities, orchestras, museums, entertainment venues, and is host to many sporting events.<ref name=UNESCO>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Its urban setting has made it a sought-after location for international film productions.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The city is well known for its festivals, diverse architecture, nightlife, contemporary arts, and a high quality of living.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }} See also: {{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }} and {{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Over the last decade Berlin has seen the emergence of a cosmopolitan entrepreneurial scene.<ref> {{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref>


Berlin sections
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