Bedouin::title    October::jordan    Bedouins::author    Groups::israel    Negev::project    Category::syria

{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} {{#invoke:redirect hatnote|redirect}} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Original research |date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Message box|ambox}} }} {{#invoke:Infobox|infobox}}

The Bedouin ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}, also Bedouins; from the Arabic badw بَدْو{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} or badawiyyīn/badawiyyūn/"Al Buainain بَدَوِيُّون{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, plurals of badawī بَدَوِي{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}) are an Arab seminomadic group, descended from nomads who have historically inhabited the Arabian and Syrian Deserts. Their name means "desert dwellers" in Arabic.<ref name="">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Their territory stretches from the vast deserts of North Africa to the rocky sands of the Middle East.<ref name=""/> They are traditionally divided into tribes, or clans (known in Arabic as ʿashāʾir; عَشَائِر{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}) and share a common culture of herding camels and goats.<ref name=""/>

The Bedouin form a part of{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Category handler|main}}{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}[citation needed] }}, but are not synonymous with{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Category handler|main}}{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}[citation needed] }}, the modern concept of the Arabs. Bedouins have been referred to by various names throughout history, including Qedarites in the Old Testament and "Araba'a" by the Assyrians (ar-ba-a-a being a nisba of the noun Arab, a name still used for Bedouins today). They are referred to as the A'raab (أعراب{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}) in the Koran.

A Bedouin girl in Nuweiba - Egypt 2015

While many Bedouins have abandoned their nomadic and tribal traditions for modern urban lifestyle, they retain traditional Bedouin culture with concepts of belonging to ʿašāʾir, traditional music, poetry, dances (like Saas), and many other cultural practices. Urbanised Bedouins also organise cultural festivals, usually held several times a year, in which they gather with other Bedouins to partake in, and learn about, various Bedouin traditions - from poetry recitation and traditional sword dances, to classes teaching traditional tent knitting and playing traditional Bedouin musical instruments. Traditions like camel riding and camping in the deserts are also popular leisure activities for urbanised Bedouins who live within close proximity to deserts or other wilderness areas.

Bedouin sections
Intro   Etymology    Society    Traditions    History   In different countries  Linguistic influence of Bedouin dialects   Tribes and populations    See also    Notes    References    Further reading   

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Etymology