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Etymology::Bebop

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Etymology

Dizzy Gillespie, at the Downbeat Club, NYC, ca 1947
"In spite of the explanations of the origins of these words, players actually did sing the words "bebop" and "rebop" to an early bop phrase as shown in the following example."<ref>Tanner, Paul O. W. and Gerow, Maurice (1964). A Study of Jazz, 81. Second edition. ISBN 0-697-03557-3.</ref> About this sound Play 

The term "bebop" is derived from nonsense syllables (vocables) used in scat singing; the first known example of "bebop" being used was in McKinney's Cotton Pickers' "Four or Five Times", recorded in 1928.<ref name="Ety">Gleason, Ralph J. (15 February, 1959) "Jazz Fan Really Digs the Language – All the Way Back to Its Origin". Toledo Blade.</ref> It appears again in a 1936 recording of "I'se a Muggin'" by Jack Teagarden.<ref name="Ety" /> A variation, "rebop", appears in several 1939 recordings.<ref name="Ety" /> The first known print appearance was also in 1939, but it was little-used subsequently until applied to the music now associated with it in the mid-1940s.<ref name="Ety" />

Some researchers speculate that it was a term used by Charlie Christian because it sounded like something he hummed along with his playing.<ref>Jim Dawson and Steve Propes, What Was The First Rock'n'Roll Record?, 1992, ISBN 0-571-12939-0</ref> Dizzy Gillespie stated that the audiences coined the name after hearing him scat the then-nameless tunes to his players and the press ultimately picked it up, using it as an official term: "People, when they'd wanna ask for those numbers and didn't know the name, would ask for bebop."<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> Another theory is that it derives from the cry of "Arriba! Arriba!" used by Latin American bandleaders of the period to encourage their bands.<ref>Peter Gammond, The Oxford Companion to Popular Music, 1991, ISBN 0-19-311323-6</ref> At times, the terms "bebop" and "rebop" were used interchangeably. By 1945, the use of "bebop"/"rebop" as nonsense syllables was widespread in R&B music, for instance Lionel Hampton's "Hey! Ba-Ba-Re-Bop".


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Etymology
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