James Tissot, The Beatitudes Sermon, Brooklyn Museum, c. 1890

The Beatitudes are eight blessings recounted in the Sermon on the Mount in the Gospel of Matthew. Each is a proverb-like proclamation, without narrative, "cryptic, precise, and full of meaning. Each one includes a topic that forms a major biblical theme".<ref name=Ross>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Four of the blessings also appear in the Sermon on the Plain in the Gospel of Luke, followed by four woes which mirror the blessings.<ref name="Synop" />

The term beatitude comes from the Latin noun beātitūdō which means "happiness".<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref name="Westmin">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref name="Cathenc">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> In the Vulgate (Latin), the book of Matthew titles this section Beatitudines, and "Beatitudes" was anglicized from that term.

Each Beatitude consists of two phrases: the condition and the result. In almost every case the condition is from familiar Old Testament context, but Jesus teaches a new interpretation.<ref name="Hastings" /> Together, the Beatitudes present a new set of Christian ideals that focus on a spirit of love and humility different in orientation than the usual force and exaction taken. They echo the highest ideals of the teachings of Jesus on mercy, spirituality, and compassion.<ref name="Synop" /><ref name="Hastings" />

Beatitude sections