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Basra, also written Basrah (Arabic: البصرة‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}; BGN: Al Başrah), is the capital of Basra Governorate, located on the Shatt al-Arab river in southern Iraq between Kuwait and Iran. It had an estimated population of 1.5 million of 2012.<ref name="Iraq Information Portal">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Basra is also Iraq's main port, although it does not have deep water access, which is handled at the port of Umm Qasr.

The city is part of the historic location of Sumer, the home of Sinbad the Sailor, and a proposed location of the Garden of Eden. It played an important role in early Islamic history and was built in 636 AD or 14 AH. It is Iraq's second largest and most populous city after Baghdad.{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Category handler|main}}{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}[citation needed] }} Basra is consistently one of the hottest cities on the planet, with summer temperatures regularly exceeding {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}}.


Basra sections
Intro  Etymology  History  Geography and climate  Demographics  Cityscape  Economy  In fiction  Twin towns \u2013 Sister cities  See also  References  Bibliography  External links  

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