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Basic versus applied science Applied science focuses on the development of technology and techniques. In contrast, basic science develops scientific knowledge and predictions, principally in natural sciences but also in other empirical sciences, which are used as the scientific foundation for applied science. Basic science develops and establishes information to predict phenomena and perhaps to understand nature, whereas applied science uses portions of basic science to develop interventions via technology or technique to alter events or outcomes.<ref name=Davis>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }} & "Technology" in {{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref><ref name=McCormick>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref> Applied and basic sciences can interface closely in research and development.<ref name=Piel>Gerard Piel, "Science and the next fifty years", § "Applied vs basic science", Bulletin of Atomic Scientists, 1954 Jan;10(1):17–20, p 18.</ref><ref>Ruth-Marie E Fincher, Paul M Wallach & W Scott Richardson, "Basic science right, not basic science lite: Medical education at a crossroad", Journal of General Internal Medicine, Nov 2009;24(11):1255–58, abstract: "Thoughtful changes in education provide the opportunity to improve understanding of fundamental sciences, the process of scientific inquiry, and translation of that knowledge to clinical practice".</ref>

A distinction can be made between basic science and disciplines such as medicine and technology.<ref name=Davis/><ref name=McCormick/><ref name=Smith/><ref>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref> They can be grouped as STM (science, technology & medicine) or STS (science, technology & society). These groups are interrelated and influence each other,<ref name=Holtzman/><ref name=Strong-McPherson/><ref name=Karhausen/><ref name=Bayertz-Nevers>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref><ref name=Pickstone-Worboys>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref> although they may differ in the specifics such as methods and standards.<ref name=McCormick/><ref name=Smith/><ref name=Pickstone-Worboys/><ref>

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The Nobel Prize mixes basic with applied sciences for its award in Physiology or Medicine. In contrast, the Royal Society of London awards distinguish natural science from applied science.<ref>"Medals, Awards & Prize lectures", The Royal Society website, accessed 22 Sep 2013.</ref>


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