## ::Base unit (measurement)

### ::concepts

Units::number Quantity::could Physical::terms Constant::other Which::physics Distance::nowrap

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}}A **base unit** (also referred to as a **fundamental unit**) is a unit adopted for measurement of a base quantity. A base quantity is one of a conventionally chosen subset of physical quantities, where no subset quantity can be expressed in terms of the others. In the International System of Units, there are seven base units: kilogram, metre, candela, second, ampere, kelvin, and mole.

In the language of measurement, *quantities* are quantifiable aspects of the world, such as time, distance, velocity, mass, temperature, energy, and weight, and *units* are used to describe their magnitude or quantity. Many of these quantities are related to each other by various physical laws, and as a result the units of a quantities can be generally be expressed as a product of powers of other units; for example, momentum is mass multiplied by velocity, while velocity is measured in distance divided by time. These relationships are discussed in dimensional analysis. Those that can be expressed in this fashion in terms of the base units are called *derived units*.

**Base unit (measurement) sections**

Intro Natural units See also References

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