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Economy {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Expand section |date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Message box|ambox}} }} Baghdad accounts for 20 per cent of Iraq's population and 40 per cent of her gross domestic product (PPP). Iraqi Airways, the national airline of Iraq, has its headquarters on the grounds of Baghdad International Airport in Baghdad.<ref>"Iraqi Airways." at the Wayback Machine (archived May 18, 2008) Arab Air Carriers Organization. Retrieved on October 19, 2009.</ref> Al-Naser Airlines has its head office in Karrada, Baghdad.<ref>"Contact Us." Al-Naser Airlines. Retrieved on 13 February 2011. "Main Branch: Al-Karrada, Babil Region - Distrlct 929 [sic] - St21 - Home 46 - Beside Al Jadirya Private Hospital. [...] Iraq- Baghdad."</ref>

Reconstruction efforts

Most Iraqi reconstruction efforts have been devoted to the restoration and repair of badly damaged urban infrastructure. More visible efforts at reconstruction through private development, like architect and urban designer Hisham N. Ashkouri's Baghdad Renaissance Plan and the Sindbad Hotel Complex and Conference Center have also been made. <ref>ARCADD Archived December 20, 2008 at the Wayback Machine</ref> A plan was proposed by a Government agency to rebuild a tourist island in 2008.<ref name="nytimes">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> In late 2009, a construction plan was proposed to rebuild the heart of Baghdad, but the plan was never realized because corruption was involved in it.<ref name="nytimes2">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

The Baghdad Eye, a {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} tall Ferris wheel, was proposed for Baghdad in August 2008. At that time, three possible locations had been identified, but no estimates of cost or completion date were given.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref><ref>Iraq Looking To Build Giant Observation Wheel In Baghdad To Promote Tourism</ref><ref>Iraq plans giant Ferris wheel, hopes to lure tourists to Baghdad Archived 29 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine</ref><ref>Wikinews: Iraq plans 'Baghdad Eye' to draw in tourists</ref> In October 2008, it was reported that Al-Zawraa Park was expected to be the site,<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> and a {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} wheel was installed there in March 2011.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Iraq's Tourism Board is also seeking investors to develop a "romantic" island on the River Tigris in Baghdad that was once a popular honeymoon spot for newlywed Iraqis. The project would include a six-star hotel, spa, an 18-hole golf course and a country club. In addition, the go-ahead has been given to build numerous architecturally unique skyscrapers along the Tigris that would develop the city's financial centre in Kadhehemiah.<ref>

In October 2008, the Baghdad Metro resumed service. It connects the center to the southern neighborhood of Dora. In May 2010, a new residential and commercial project nicknamed Baghdad Gate was announced.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> This project not only addresses the urgent need for new residential units in Baghdad but also acts as a real symbol of progress in the war torn city, as Baghdad has not seen projects of this scale for decades.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>


  • Baghdad | Baghdad Mall (4 floors) + Baghdad Rayhan Hotel by Rotana + offices (30 floors) (105 metres) + offices (7 floors)


  • Baghdad | Taji | 60,000 seats Stadium.


  • Baghdad | Bismayah New City | 100,000 housing units.
  • Baghdad | Zuhour | 5400 units (100 apartments)
  • Baghdad | Ibn Firnas Residential Project | 2016 housing Units
  • Baghdad | Al Ayadi Residential Project | 1335 housing Units
  • Baghdad | Riyadh Apartments | 8 floors

In 2012, the Central Bank of Iraq signed a deal with Zaha Hadid Architects to build a tower which will be used as the bank's new headquarters.


The Mustansiriya Madrasah was established in 1227 by the Abbasid Caliph al-Mustansir. The name was changed to Al-Mustansiriya University in 1963. The University of Baghdad is the largest university in Iraq and the second largest in the Arab world.


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