::Atlantic Ocean


Atlantic::ocean    North::first    Ocean::south    Convert::water    Thumb::between    Coast::africa

{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} {{#invoke:Pp-move-indef|main}} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Refimprove |date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Message box|ambox}} }} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use dmy dates |date=__DATE__ |$B= }}

The Atlantic Ocean, not including Arctic and Antarctic regions

{{#invoke:sidebar|sidebar |bodyclass = plainlist |bodystyle = width:auto; |topimagestyle = background:#ddeffa;padding:0.5em 1.0em; |topimage = View of the Earth where all five oceans visible |title = Earth's oceans |content1 =

|belowstyle = font-weight:normal;

|below =
World Ocean


The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceanic divisions, following the Pacific Ocean. With a total area of about {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}},<ref name="brit">"The New Encyclopædia Britannica", Volume 2, Encyclopædia Britannica, 1974. p. 294</ref> it covers approximately 20 percent of the Earth's surface and about 29 percent of its water surface area. The first part of its name refers to Atlas of Greek mythology, making the Atlantic the "Sea of Atlas".

The oldest known mention of "Atlantic" is in The Histories of Herodotus around 450 BC (Hdt. 1.202.4): Atlantis thalassa (Greek: Ἀτλαντὶς θάλασσα; English: Sea of Atlas). The term Ethiopic Ocean, derived from Ethiopia, was applied to the southern Atlantic as late as the mid-19th century.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> Before Europeans discovered other oceans, their term "ocean" was synonymous with the waters beyond the Strait of Gibraltar that are now known as the Atlantic. The early Greeks believed this ocean to be a gigantic river encircling the world.

The Atlantic Ocean occupies an elongated, S-shaped basin extending longitudinally between Eurasia and Africa to the east, and the Americas to the west. As one component of the interconnected global ocean, it is connected in the north to the Arctic Ocean, to the Pacific Ocean in the southwest, the Indian Ocean in the southeast, and the Southern Ocean in the south (other definitions describe the Atlantic as extending southward to Antarctica). The equator subdivides it into the North Atlantic Ocean and South Atlantic Ocean.

Atlantic Ocean sections
Intro  Geography  Cultural significance  Ocean floor  Water characteristics  Climate  History  Economy  Terrain  Current environmental issues  Bordering countries and territories  Major ports and harbours  See also  References  Bibliography  [[Atlantic_Ocean?section=External</a>_links|External</a> links]]  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Geography