::Art Deco


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Art Deco spire of the Chrysler Building in New York City; designed by William Van Alen; built 1928–30
Terracotta sunburst design above front doors of the Eastern Columbia Building in Los Angeles; built 1930

Art Deco ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}), or Deco, is an influential visual arts design style that first appeared in France just before World War I {{#invoke:Footnotes|sfn}} and began flourishing internationally in the 1920s, 1930s and 1940s before its popularity waned after World War II.<ref name="Hillier1">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> It took its name, short for Arts Décoratifs, from the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes (International Exposition of Modern Decorative and Industrial Arts) held in Paris in 1925.<ref name="Benton 2003 16">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> It is an eclectic style that combines traditional craft motifs with Machine Age imagery and materials. The style is often characterized by rich colours, bold geometric shapes and lavish ornamentation.

Deco emerged from the interwar period when rapid industrialisation was transforming culture. One of its major attributes is an embrace of technology. This distinguishes Deco from the organic motifs favoured by its predecessor Art Nouveau.

Historian Bevis Hillier defined Art Deco as "an assertively modern style [that] ran to symmetry rather than asymmetry, and to the rectilinear rather than the curvilinear; it responded to the demands of the machine and of new material [and] the requirements of mass production".<ref name="Hillier1" />

During its heyday, Art Deco represented luxury, glamour, exuberance and faith in social and technological progress.

Art Deco sections
Intro  Etymology  Origins  Architecture  Interior design  Attributes  Influence  Streamline Moderne  Surviving examples  Gallery  See also  References  Bibliography  External links  

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