::Arranged marriage


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Unequal marriage, a 19th-century painting by Russian artist Pukirev. It depicts an arranged marriage where a young girl is forced to marry someone she doesn't want to.

Arranged marriage is a type of marital union where the bride and groom are selected by a third party rather than by each other.<ref name=jo2008/> It was common worldwide until the 18th century.<ref name=jo2008/> In more recent times, arranged marriage is common in South Asia, Africa,<ref>WIEN, A. F. I. The Other Face of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM): MORAL AND SOCIAL ELEMENTS; AFRICAN WOMEN’S ORGANIZATION (OCTOBER 2003), Vienna, Austria; page 15-16</ref><ref name="Voluntarism and Marriage">Voluntarism and Marriage; UNFPA, United Nations Population Fund (2011); see Child Marriage section</ref> the Middle East,<ref>Alan H. Bittles, Hanan A. Hamamy (2010), Genetic Disorders Among Arab Populations, in Endogamy and Consanguineous Marriage in Arab Populations (Editor: Ahmad Teebi), ISBN 978-3-642-05079-4, pages 85-108</ref><ref name="Somervill, Barbara 2007 page 41-43">Somervill, Barbara (2007). Teens in Egypt. Capstone; ISBN 978-0756532949; page 41-43, 57</ref> Latin America,<ref name="Voluntarism and Marriage"/><ref>Sloan, Kathryn (2011). Women's Roles in Latin America and the Caribbean, ABC-CLIO, ISBN 978-0313381089</ref> Southeast Asia<ref>Hatfield, E., Rapson, R. L., & Martel, L. D. (2007), Passionate love and sexual desire, Handbook of cultural psychology, S. Kitayama & D. Cohen (Eds.), New York: Guilford Press; pages 760-779</ref> and parts of East Asia;<ref>Batabyal, A. A. (2001). On the likelihood of finding the right partner in an arranged marriage. Journal of Socio-Economics, 30(3), pages 273-280</ref><ref>Adams, B. N. (2004). Families and family study in international perspective. Journal of Marriage and Family, 66(5), pages 1076-1088</ref> elsewhere in developed countries, arranged marriage has continued in some royal families,<ref>Margaret Evans, The Diana Phenomenon: Reaction in the East Midlands, Folklore, Volume 109, Issue 1-2, 1998, pages 101-103; Quote: "Diana Spencer was of the ancient British royal bloodline. Her arranged marriage to Charles had been engineered to re-introduce this ancient bloodline and legitimise the House of Windsor."</ref> parts of Japan,<ref>Arnett & Taber (1994), Adolescence terminable and interminable: When does adolescence end?, Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 23(5), pp 517-537; Quote - "In Japan, for example, even in modern times close to half of marriages are reported to be arranged (known as miai marriages)"</ref> among immigrant and minority ethnic groups.<ref>(a) Ralph Grillo (2011), Marriages, arranged and forced: the UK debate; in Gender, Generations and the Family in International Migration, (Editors: Albert Kraler, Eleonore Kofman, Martin Kohli, Camille Schmoll), ISBN 978-9089642851, pp 77-78; Quote - "Arranged and forced marriages among immigrant and minority ethnic groups has been widely debated across Europe"; (b) Christian Joppke (2004), The retreat of multiculturalism in the liberal state: theory and policy, The British Journal of Sociology, 55(2), pp 237-257</ref> Other groups that practice this custom include the Unification Church.

Arranged marriage should not be confused with the practice of forced marriage such as vani. In an arranged marriage, while the meeting of the spouses is arranged by family members, relatives or friends, the spouses agree of their own free will to marry. By contrast, in a forced marriage, one or both spouses are coerced into the marriage - the union takes place without their freely given consent (under duress, threats, psychological pressure etc.).<ref></ref>

Arranged marriage differs from autonomous marriage - called love marriage in some parts of the world - where the individuals find and select their own spouses; arranged marriages, in contrast, are usually set up by the parents or an older family member. In some cases, arranged marriage involves a matchmaker such as priest or religious leader, matrimonial site, mutual friends or a trusted third party.

Arranged marriages vary in nature and in how much time passes between first introduction and engagement. In an "introduction only" arranged marriage, also known as quasi-arranged<ref> Vaillant, N. G., & Harrant, V. (2008). Determinants of the likelihood of finding the right partner in an arranged marriage: Evidence from a French matchmaking agency, The Journal of Socio-Economics, 37(2), pages 657-671</ref> marriages or assisted<ref>Force Marriage Staffordshire County Council, United Kingdom</ref> marriages, the parents or guardians introduce a potential spouse. From that point on, it is up to the two individuals to develop the relationship and make a final choice. There is no set time period. This is increasingly common in Japan, parts of Latin America and Africa, South Asia and East Asia.

Arranged marriage sections
Intro  History  Comparison  Causes and prevalence of arranged marriage  Controversy  See also  References  External links  

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