Armenia::armenian    Title::soviet    First::republic    Which::yerevan    Union::world    Right::empire

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Republic of Armenia
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Flag of Armenia Coat of arms of Armenia
Flag Coat of arms
Մեր Հայրենիք
Mer Hayrenik
"Our Fatherland"
and largest city

| |name=

Official languages Armenian<ref name="constitution">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


Official written language Eastern Armenian<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

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Official script Armenian alphabet
  1. redirect
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Ethnic groups (<ref>Asatryan, Garnik; Arakelova, Victoria (Yerevan 2002). The Ethnic Minorities in Armenia{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||date=__DATE__ |$B=

{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}[dead link]

}}. Part of the OSCE.</ref>
Religion Armenian Apostolic Church
Demonym Armenian
Government Semi-presidential republic<ref name="constitution"/>
 -  President Serzh Sargsyan
 -  Prime Minister Hovik Abrahamyan
Legislature National Assembly
Formation and independence
 -  Traditional date 2492 BCE 
 -  Hayasa-Azzi 1500–1290 BCE 
 -  Arme-Shupria<ref>Lang, David Marshall. Armenia: Cradle of Civilization. London: Allen and Unwin, 1970, p. 114. ISBN 0-04-956007-7.</ref><ref>Redgate, Anna Elizabeth. The Armenians. Cornwall: Blackwell, 1998, pp. 16–19, 23, 25, 26 (map), 30–32, 38, 43 ISBN 0-631-22037-2.</ref> 14th century–1190 BCE 
 -  Urartu<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


860–590 BCE 
 -  Orontid Dynasty 6th century BCE 
 -  Kingdom of Greater
united under
the Artaxiad Dynasty<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


190 BCE<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


 -  Arsacid Dynasty 52–428 
 -  Bagratid Armenia 885–1045 
 -  Kingdom of Cilicia 1198–1375 
 -  First Republic of Armenia declared
28 May 1918 
 -  Independence from the Soviet Union 23 August 1990
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21 September 1991
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 -  Total 29,743 km2 (141st)
11,484 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 4.71<ref name="cia-fact">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


 -  2015 census {{{1}}} (134th)
 -  Density 101.5/km2 (99th)
262.9/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2013 estimate
 -  Total {{{1}}}
 -  Per capita $6,128<ref name="imf2"/>
GDP (nominal) 2013 estimate
 -  Total {{{1}}}
 -  Per capita $3,037<ref name="imf2"/>
Gini (2008)30.9<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


HDI (2013)File:Steady2.svg 0.730<ref name="HDI">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


high · 87th
Currency Dram (դր.) (AMD)
Time zone UTC (UTC+4)
Drives on the right
Calling code +374
Patron saint St. Gregory
ISO 3166 code AM
Internet TLD .am .հայ
a. Reformed orthography.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


b. Declared.
c. Referendum.

Armenia ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}; Armenian: Հայաստան{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, tr. Hayastan, IPA: [hɑjɑsˈtɑn]Unknown extension tag "ref"), officially the Republic of Armenia (Armenian: Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, tr. Hayastani Hanrapetut’yun), is a landlocked country in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located in Western Asia,<ref>Central Intelligence Agency."The CIA World Factbook 2015" Skyhorse Publishing Inc, 2014. ISBN 1629149039</ref><ref>The UN classification of world regions places Armenia in Western Asia; the CIA World Factbook {{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }} {{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }} , {{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}, {{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }} and Oxford Reference Online {{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }} also place Armenia in Asia.</ref> it is bordered by Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, the de facto independent Nagorno-Karabakh Republic and Azerbaijan to the east, and Iran and the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan to the south.

Armenia is a unitary, multi-party, democratic nation-state with an ancient cultural heritage. The Satrapy of Armenia was established in the 6th century BC, after the fall of Urartu. In the 1st century BC the Kingdom of Armenia reached its height under Tigranes the Great. Armenia became the first state in the world to adopt Christianity as its official religion,<ref>({{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}).</ref> in between late 3rd century to early years of the 4th century (the official date is 301 AD),<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}. Estimated dates vary from 284 to 314. Garsoïan (op.cit. p.82), following the research of Ananian, favours the latter.</ref> becoming the first Christian nation."<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>Smaller nations that have claimed a prior official adoption of Christianity include Osroene, the Silures, and San Marino. See Timeline of official adoptions of Christianity.</ref> As a result, previously predominant Zoroastrianism and paganism in Armenia gradually declined.<ref name="">Mary Boyce. Zoroastrians: Their Religious Beliefs and Practices Psychology Press, 2001 ISBN 0415239028 p 84</ref><ref>Charl Wolhuter,Corene de Wet. International Comparative Perspectives on Religion and Education AFRICAN SUN MeDIA, ISBN 1920382372. 1 March 2014 p 31</ref> An Armenian principality and later a kingdom, known as Cilician Armenia, existed on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea between the 11th and 14th centuries.

Between the 16th century and first half of the 19th century, the traditional Armenian homeland composed of Eastern Armenia and Western Armenia came under rule of the rivaling Ottoman and successive Iranian Empires, passing between the two over the centuries. By the mid-19th century, Eastern Armenia had been conquered by Russia from Qajar Iran, while most of the western parts of the traditional Armenian homeland still remained under Ottoman rule. During World War I, the Armenians living in their ancestral lands in the Ottoman Empire were systematically exterminated in the Armenian Genocide. In 1918, during the Russian Revolution, all non-Russian countries were granted independence from the dissolved empire, leading to the establishment of the First Republic of Armenia. By 1920, the state was incorporated into the Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic, a founding member of the Soviet Union in 1922. In 1936, the Transcaucasian state was dissolved, leaving its constituent states, including the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic, as full Union republics. The modern Republic of Armenia became independent in 1991 during the dissolution of the Soviet Union.

The Republic of Armenia recognizes the Armenian Apostolic Church, the world's oldest national church, as the country's primary religious establishment.<ref>The republic has separation of church and state</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The unique Armenian alphabet was invented by Mesrop Mashtots in 405 AD.

Armenia is a member of the Eurasian Economic Union, the Council of Europe and the Collective Security Treaty Organization. Armenia supports the de facto independent Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, which was proclaimed in 1991.

Armenia sections
Intro  Etymology  History  Geography  Government and politics  Economy  Demographics  Culture  See also  Notes  References  Further reading  External links  

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