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Argentine RepublicUnknown extension tag "ref"
{{safesubst:#invoke:Separated entries|br}}
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: {{safesubst:#invoke:list|unbulleted}}
Anthem: {{safesubst:#invoke:list|unbulleted}}
Sol de MayoUnknown extension tag "ref"{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}
(Sun of May)

Sol de Mayo
Mainland Argentina shown in dark green, with territorial claims shown in light green
Mainland Argentina shown in dark green, with territorial claims shown in light green
and largest city
Buenos Aires

| |name=

Official languages Spanish[a]
Demonym {{safesubst:#invoke:list|unbulleted}}
Government Federal presidential constitutional republic
 -  President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner
 -  Vice President Amado Boudou
 -  Supreme Court President Ricardo Lorenzetti
Legislature Congress
 -  Upper house Senate
 -  Lower house Chamber of Deputies
Independence from Spain
 -  May Revolution 25 May 1810 
 -  Declared 9 July 1816 
 -  Constitution 1 May 1853 
 -  Recognized 29 April 1857 
 -  Total 2,780,400 km2Unknown extension tag "ref" (8th)
1,073,518 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 1.57
 -  2015 estimate 43,417,000<ref>"United Nations population prospects"(PDF) 2015 revision</ref>
 -  2010 census 40,117,096<ref name=totalpop/> (32nd)
 -  Density 14.4/km2<ref name=totalpop/> (212th)
37.3/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2015 estimate
 -  Total $964.279 billion<ref name=imf2>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


}}</ref> (25th)
 -  Per capita $22,375<ref name=imf2/> (56th)
GDP (nominal) 2015 estimate
 -  Total $578.705 billion<ref name=imf2/> (21st)
 -  Per capita $13,428<ref name=imf2/> (53rd)
Gini (2011)positive decrease 43.6<ref name=gini/>
HDI (2013)Increase 0.808<ref name=hdi/>
very high · 49th
Currency Peso ($) (ARS)
Time zone ART (UTC−3)
Date format dd.mm.yyyy (CE)
Drives on the right[b]
Calling code +54
ISO 3166 code AR
Internet TLD .ar
a. ^ De facto at all government levels.Unknown extension tag "ref" In addition, some provinces have official de jure languages:
Guaraní in Corrientes Province.<ref name=gn/>
Kom, Moqoit and Wichi, in Chaco Province.<ref name=kom/>
b. ^ Trains ride on left.

Argentina ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}; Spanish: [aɾxenˈtina]), officially the Argentine RepublicUnknown extension tag "ref" (Spanish: República Argentina{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}), is a federal republic located in southeastern South America. Sharing the bulk of the Southern Cone with its neighbour Chile, it is bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north; Brazil to the northeast; Uruguay and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east; Chile to the west and the Drake Passage to the south.

With a mainland area of {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}},Unknown extension tag "ref" Argentina is the eighth-largest country in the world, the second-largest in Latin America, and the largest Spanish-speaking one. Argentina claims sovereignty over part of Antarctica, the Falkland Islands (Spanish: Islas Malvinas{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}), South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands. The country is subdivided into twenty-three provinces (Spanish: provincias{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, singular provincia) and one autonomous city (ciudad autónoma), Buenos Aires, which is the federal capital of the nation (Spanish: Capital Federal{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}) as decided by Congress.{{#invoke:Footnotes|sfn}} The provinces and the capital have their own constitutions, but exist under a federal system.

The earliest recorded human presence in the area of modern-day Argentina dates back to the Paleolithic period.{{#invoke:Footnotes|sfn}} The country has its roots in Spanish colonization of the region during the 15th century.{{#invoke:Footnotes|sfn}} Argentina rose as the successor state of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata,Unknown extension tag "ref" a Spanish overseas colony founded in 1776. The declaration and fight for independence (1810–1818) was followed by an extended civil war that lasted until 1861, culminating in the country's reorganization as a federation of provinces with Buenos Aires as its capital city. The country thereafter enjoyed relative peace and stability, with massive waves of European immigration radically reshaping its cultural and demographic outlook. The almost-unparalleled increase in prosperity led to Argentina becoming the seventh wealthiest developed nation in the world by the early 20th century.{{#invoke:Footnotes|sfn}}{{#invoke:Footnotes|sfn}}

After 1930 Argentina descended into political instability and periodic economic crisis that pushed it back into underdevelopment,<ref name=developed>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> though it nevertheless remained among the fifteen richest countries until the mid-20th century.{{#invoke:Footnotes|sfn}} Argentina retains its historic status as a middle powerUnknown extension tag "ref" in international affairs, and is a prominent regional power in the Southern Cone and Latin America.Unknown extension tag "ref"Unknown extension tag "ref"

Argentina has the second largest economy in South America, the third-largest in Latin America and is a member of the G-15 and G-20 major economies. It is also a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, World Trade Organization, Mercosur, Union of South American Nations, Community of Latin American and Caribbean States and the Organization of Ibero-American States. Because of its stability, market size and growing high-tech sector,<ref name=legatum>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Argentina is classified as a high-income economy<ref>http://data.worldbank.org/about/country-and-lending-groups#High_income</ref> with a "very high" rating on the Human Development Index.<ref name=hdi>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Argentina sections
Intro  Name and etymology  History  Geography  Politics  Economy  Demographics  Culture  See also  Notes  References  Bibliography  External links  

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