::Arab world


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The Arab world (Arabic: العالم العربي‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} al-ʿālam al-ʿarabī; formally: الوطن العربي{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} al-wațan al-ʿarabī), also known as the Arab Nation (الأمة العربية{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} al-ʾummah al-ʿarabīah), consists of the 22 Arabic-speaking countries of the Arab League.<ref name="Frishkopf"/>

The standard definition of the Arab world comprises the 22 countries and territories of the Arab League. These Arab states occupy an area stretching from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Arabian Sea in the east, and from the Mediterranean Sea in the north to the Horn of Africa and the Indian Ocean in the southeast.<ref name="Frishkopf"/> The Arab world has a combined population of around 422 million people, with over half under 25 years of age.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

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A map of the Arab world. This is based on the standard territorial definition of the Arab world, which comprises the states of the Arab League plus Western Sahara. Comoros is not shown.

The sentiment of Arab nationalism arose in the second half of the 19th century along with other nationalist movements within the Ottoman Empire. The Arab League was formed in 1945 to represent the interests of the Arabs, and especially to pursue the political unification of the Arab countries, a project known as Pan-Arabism.<ref name="encyclopedia1">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref name="encyclopedia2">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

The term "Arab world" is usually rejected by those who live in the region but do not consider themselves Arabs—such as Berbers and Kurds—as it implies the entire region is Arab in its identity, population, and origin, whereas the original homeland of the Arabs is the Arabian Peninsula. The term is also rejected by some indigenous Semitic minorities such as the Assyrians, and many of the Maronites and Copts, as they pre-date Arabs in North Africa, Mesopotamia and the Eastern Mediterranean. Although some countries such as Israel are surrounded only by Arab countries and have Arabic as an official language, the majority of the population is not Arab in origin (in this case, Israeli Jews) and they are not generally considered Arab states.

Arab world sections
Intro  Definition  Population  Area  Population density  Demographics  Education  History  States and territories  Geography  See also  Notes  References  Further reading  External links  

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