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Arabs (Arabic: عرب‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, ʿarab) are a major panethnic group whose native language is Arabic, comprising the majority of the Arab world.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> They primarily inhabit Western Asia, North Africa, and parts of the Horn of Africa. Before the spread of Islam, Arab referred to any of the largely nomadic Semitic tribes inhabiting the Arabian Peninsula. In modern usage Arabic-speaking populations are a highly heterogeneous collection of peoples, with diverse ancestral origins and identities. The ties that bind the Arab people are common linguistic, cultural, and political traditions. As such, Arab identity is based on one or more of genealogical, linguistic or cultural grounds,<ref name=Deng>Francis Mading Deng War of Visions: Conflict of Identities in the Sudan, Brookings Institution Press, 1995, ISBN 0-8157-1793-8 p. 405</ref> although with competing identities often taking a more prominent role,<ref>Nicholas S. Hopkins, Saad Eddin Ibrahim eds., Arab society: class, gender, power, and development, American University in Cairo Press, 1997, p.6</ref> based on considerations including regional, national, clan, kin, sect, and tribe affiliations and relationships. If the Arab panethnicity is regarded as a single population, then it constitutes one of the world's largest groups after Han Chinese and Indo-Aryan Indians.

The Arabian Peninsula itself was not entirely originally Arabic. Arabization occurred in some parts of the Arabian Peninsula. For example, the language shift to Arabic displaced the indigenous South Semitic Old South Arabian languages of modern-day Yemen and southern Oman. These were the languages spoken in the civilizations of Sheba, Ubar, Magan, Dilmun, and Meluhha— whose origin is debated; Lionel Bender (1997) suggesting an origin in Ethiopia,<ref>Bender, L (1997), "Upside Down Afrasian", Afrikanistische Arbeitspapiere 50, pp. 19-34</ref> while others suggest the southern portion of the Arabian peninsula. A recent (2009) study based on a Bayesian model to estimate language change concluded that the latter viewpoint is more probable.<ref name=byew>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref>


Arabs sections
Intro  Name  Identity  Subgroups  Demographics  History  Religion  Culture  Genetics  References  Further reading  External links  

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{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} {{#invoke:Infobox|infobox}}

Arabs (Arabic: عرب‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, ʿarab) are a major panethnic group whose native language is Arabic, comprising the majority of the Arab world.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> They primarily inhabit Western Asia, North Africa, and parts of the Horn of Africa. Before the spread of Islam, Arab referred to any of the largely nomadic Semitic tribes inhabiting the Arabian Peninsula. In modern usage Arabic-speaking populations are a highly heterogeneous collection of peoples, with diverse ancestral origins and identities. The ties that bind the Arab people are common linguistic, cultural, and political traditions. As such, Arab identity is based on one or more of genealogical, linguistic or cultural grounds,<ref name=Deng>Francis Mading Deng War of Visions: Conflict of Identities in the Sudan, Brookings Institution Press, 1995, ISBN 0-8157-1793-8 p. 405</ref> although with competing identities often taking a more prominent role,<ref>Nicholas S. Hopkins, Saad Eddin Ibrahim eds., Arab society: class, gender, power, and development, American University in Cairo Press, 1997, p.6</ref> based on considerations including regional, national, clan, kin, sect, and tribe affiliations and relationships. If the Arab panethnicity is regarded as a single population, then it constitutes one of the world's largest groups after Han Chinese and Indo-Aryan Indians.

The Arabian Peninsula itself was not entirely originally Arabic. Arabization occurred in some parts of the Arabian Peninsula. For example, the language shift to Arabic displaced the indigenous South Semitic Old South Arabian languages of modern-day Yemen and southern Oman. These were the languages spoken in the civilizations of Sheba, Ubar, Magan, Dilmun, and Meluhha— whose origin is debated; Lionel Bender (1997) suggesting an origin in Ethiopia,<ref>Bender, L (1997), "Upside Down Afrasian", Afrikanistische Arbeitspapiere 50, pp. 19-34</ref> while others suggest the southern portion of the Arabian peninsula. A recent (2009) study based on a Bayesian model to estimate language change concluded that the latter viewpoint is more probable.<ref name=byew>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref>


Arabs sections
Intro  Name  Identity  Subgroups  Demographics  History  Religion  Culture  Genetics  References  Further reading  External links  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Name
<<>>