::Anthony (given name)


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Anthony or Antony is a masculine given name, derived from Antonius, a gens (Roman family name) to which Mark Antony (Marcus Antonius) belonged. That name seems to have come originally from the Etruscan language, although nothing further is known about this derivation. There was an ancient tradition that the Antonii gens were Heracleidae, being descendants of Anton, a son of Heracles. (Plut. Ant. 4)

"Anthony" is equivalent to Antoine in French; Antonio in Italian and Spanish; António or Antônio in Portuguese; Anton in Dutch, Galician, German, Icelandic, Romanian, Russian, and Scandinavian languages; Antal in Hungarian; and Antun or Ante in Croatian. The usual abbreviated form is Tony (sometimes "Tone" or "Ant" or "Anth"). Its use as a Christian name was due to the veneration of St Anthony the Great, the founder of Christian monasticism, particularly in France. Also significant was the later cult of St Antony of Padua. The spelling with "h" is not found until the 16th century when William Camden incorrectly claimed that the name derived from the Greek ἄνθος{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} (anthos, flower or possibly a small yellow bird such as a wagtail). The spelling pronunciation later became usual in the United States but not in the British Isles.<ref>Withycombe, E. G. (1950) The Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names; 2nd ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press; pp. 26-27</ref>

In the United States, it is the seventh most popular male name as of 2008, according to the Social Security Administration.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> When the background is Italian, Nino or Toni, shortened from Antonino, are used. Its popularity in the United Kingdom peaked during the 1940s, in 1944 it was the sixth most popular male name and was still as high as 14th in 1964.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Anthony (given name) sections
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