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Republic of Angola
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Flag Emblem
Anthem: Angola Avante!{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}  (Portuguese)
Forward Angola!
Location of  Angola{{#invoke:String
Location of  Angola{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(dark blue)

in the African Union{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(light blue)

Capital
and largest city
Luanda
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Official languages Portuguese
Recognised national languages {{safesubst:#invoke:list|unbulleted}}
Ethnic groups (2000) {{safesubst:#invoke:list|unbulleted}}
Demonym Angolan
Government Unitary presidential republic
 -  President José Eduardo dos Santos
 -  Vice President Manuel Vicente
Legislature National Assembly
Independence
 -  from Portugal 11 November 1975 
Area
 -  Total 1,246,700 km2 (23rd)
481,354 sq mi
 -  Water (%) negligible
Population
 -  2014 census 24,383,301<ref name=unpop>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

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 -  Density 14.8/km2 (199th)
38.4/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2014 estimate
 -  Total $139.059 billion<ref name=imf2>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web

}}</ref> (64th)
 -  Per capita $6,484<ref name=imf2/> (107th)
GDP (nominal) 2014 estimate
 -  Total $129.785 billion<ref name=imf2/> (61st)
 -  Per capita $6,052<ref name=imf2/> (91st)
Gini (2009)42.7<ref name="wb-gini">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

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medium
HDI (2013)Steady 0.526<ref name="HDI">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

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low · 149th
Currency Kwanza (AOA)
Time zone WAT (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+1)
Drives on the right
Calling code +244
ISO 3166 code AO
Internet TLD .ao

Angola {{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}, officially the Republic of Angola (Portuguese: República de Angola{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} (Portuguese){{#invoke:Category handler|main}}; Kikongo, Kimbundu, Umbundu: Repubilika ya Ngola), is a country in Southern Africa. It is the seventh-largest country in Africa, and is bordered by Namibia to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Zambia to the east, and the Atlantic Ocean to west. The exclave province of Cabinda has borders with the Republic of the Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The capital and largest city is Luanda.

Although its territory has been inhabited since the Paleolithic Era, modern Angola originates in Portuguese colonization, which began with, and was for centuries limited to, coastal settlements and trading posts established from the 16th century onwards. In the 19th century, European settlers slowly and hesitantly began to establish themselves in the interior. As a Portuguese colony, Angola did not encompass its present borders until the early 20th century, following resistance by groups such as the Cuamato, the Kwanyama and the Mbunda. Independence was achieved in 1975 after a protracted liberation war. That same year, Angola descended into an intense civil war that lasted until 2002. It has since become a relatively stable unitary presidential republic.

Angola has vast mineral and petroleum reserves, and its economy is among the fastest growing in the world, especially since the end of the civil war. In spite of this, the standard of living remains low for the majority of the population, and life expectancy and infant mortality rates in Angola are among the worst in the world.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Angola's economic growth is highly uneven, with the majority of the nation's wealth concentrated in a disproportionately small sector of the population.

Angola is a member state of the United Nations, OPEC, African Union, the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, the Latin Union and the Southern African Development Community. A highly multiethnic country, Angola's 24.3 million people span various tribal groups, customs, and traditions. Angolan culture reflects centuries of Portuguese rule, namely in the predominance of the Portuguese language and Roman Catholicism, combined with diverse indigenous influences.


Angola sections
Intro  Etymology  History  Geography  Climate  Politics  Administrative divisions  Economy  Demographics  Culture  Health  Education  Sports  See also  References  External links  

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