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The Parthenon, a temple dedicated to Athena, located on the Acropolis in Athens, is one of the most representative symbols of the culture and sophistication of the ancient Greeks.

Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history that lasted from the Archaic period of the 8th to 6th centuries BC{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Category handler|main}}{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}[citation needed] }} to the end of antiquity (c. 600 AD). Immediately following this period was the beginning of the Early Middle Ages and the Byzantine era.<ref name="Thomas1988">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> Included in ancient Greece is the period of Classical Greece, which flourished during the 5th to 4th centuries BC. Classical Greece began with the repelling of a Persian invasion by Athenian leadership. Because of conquests by Alexander the Great of Macedonia, Hellenistic civilization flourished from Central Asia to the western end of the Mediterranean Sea.

Classical Greek culture, especially philosophy, had a powerful influence on the Roman Empire, which carried a version of it to many parts of the Mediterranean Basin and Europe. For this reason Classical Greece is generally considered to be the seminal culture which provided the foundation of modern Western culture and is considered as the cradle of Western civilization.<ref name="EllynMcGinnis2004">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref name="FindlingPelle2004">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref name="ThompsonMullin">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref name="Copleston2003">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref name="Iozzo2001">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref name="Melotti2011">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref name="Burstein2002">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref name="Jr.2015">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref name="Aa.Vv.2011">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref name="Covert2011">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref name="Duchesne2011">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref>Bruce Thornton, Greek Ways: How the Greeks Created Western Civilization, Encounter Books, 2002</ref><ref>Richard Tarnas, The Passion of the Western Mind (New York: Ballantine Books, 1991).</ref><ref>Colin Hynson, Ancient Greece (Milwaukee: World Almanac Library, 2006), 4.</ref><ref>Carol G. Thomas, Paths from Ancient Greece (Leiden, Netherlands: E. J. Brill, 1988).</ref>


Ancient Greece sections
Intro  Chronology  Historiography  History  Geography  Politics and society  Culture  Legacy  See also  References  [[Ancient_Greece?section=Further</a>_reading|Further</a> reading]]  External links  

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