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One of the large, detailed illustrations in Andreas Vesalius's De humani corporis fabrica 16th century, marking the rebirth of anatomy

Anatomy is the branch of biology concerned with the study of the structure of organisms and their parts.<ref>Merriam Webster Dictionary</ref> In some of its facets, anatomy is related to embryology and comparative anatomy, which itself is closely related to evolutionary biology and phylogeny.<ref name="intro HGray">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Human anatomy is one of the basic essential sciences of medicine.<ref>Arráez-Aybar et al. (2010). Relevance of human anatomy in daily clinical practice. Annals of Anatomy-Anatomischer Anzeiger, 192(6), 341-348.</ref>

The discipline of anatomy is divided into macroscopic and microscopic anatomy. Macroscopic anatomy, or gross anatomy, is the examination of an animal’s body parts using unaided eyesight. Gross anatomy also includes the branch of superficial anatomy. Microscopic anatomy involves the use of optical instruments in the study of the tissues of various structures, known as histology and also in the study of cells.

The history of anatomy is characterized by a progressive understanding of the functions of the organs and structures of the human body. Methods have also improved dramatically, advancing from the examination of animals by dissection of carcasses and cadavers (corpses) to 20th century medical imaging techniques including X-ray, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging.


Anatomy sections
Intro   Definition    Animal tissues    Vertebrate anatomy    Invertebrate anatomy    Other branches of anatomy    History    See also    Notes    Bibliography    External links   

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