::Amnesty International


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{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use British English |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{#invoke:Infobox|infobox}} Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty and AI) is a non-governmental organisation focused on human rights with over 7 million members and supporters around the world. The stated objective of the organisation is "to conduct research and generate action to prevent and end grave abuses of human rights, and to demand justice for those whose rights have been violated."<ref name="aboutai">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Amnesty International was founded in London in 1961, following the publication of the article "The Forgotten Prisoners" in The Observer 28 May 1961,<ref>Peter Benenson. "The Forgotten Prisoners", The Observer, 28 May 1961. Retrieved 28 May 2011.</ref> by the lawyer Peter Benenson. Amnesty draws attention to human rights abuses and campaigns for compliance with international laws and standards. It works to mobilise public opinion to put pressure on governments that let abuse take place.<ref name="aboutai" /> The organisation was awarded the 1977 Nobel Peace Prize for its "campaign against torture,"<ref name="AINobelLec" /> and the United Nations Prize in the Field of Human Rights in 1978.<ref name="AIUNAward"/>

In the field of international human rights organisations, Amnesty has the longest history and broadest name recognition, and is believed by many to set standards for the movement as a whole.<ref name=ISQ05>James Ronand, Howard Ramos, Kathleen Rodgers (2005), "Transnational Information Politics: NGO Human Rights Reporting, 1986–2000", International Studies Quarterly (2005) 49, 557–587</ref>

Amnesty International sections
Intro  History  Structure  Principles  Objectives  Funding  Criticism  Awards and honours   National sections  See also  Notes  References  Further reading  External links  

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