Alberta::canada    Title::convert    Edmonton::province    Calgary::canadian    Highway::river    August::statcan

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Coat of arms of Alberta
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: Latin: Fortis et liber{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}
("Strong and free")
Capital Edmonton

- class="mergedrow"

Largest city


Largest metro Calgary Region
Official languages English (de facto)
Demonym Albertan
Type Constitutional monarchy
Lieutenant Governor Lois Mitchell
Premier Rachel Notley (NDP)
Legislature Legislative Assembly of Alberta
Federal representation (in Canadian Parliament)
House seats 28 of 308 (9.1%)
Senate seats 6 of 105 (5.7%)
Confederation September 1, 1905 (split from Northwest Territories) (11th)
Area  Ranked 6th
Total convert}}
Land convert}}
Water (%) convert}} (3%)
Proportion of Canada 6.6% of 9,984,670 km2
Population  Ranked 4th
Total (2011) citation CitationClass=web


Density (2011) convert}}
GDP  Ranked 3rd
Total (2011) citation CitationClass=web


Per capita C$78,154 (2nd)
Postal AB
ISO 3166-2 CA-AB
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7
Postal code prefix T
Flower Wild Rose.svg{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}Wild rose
Tree Lodgepole pine
Bird Great horned owl
Rankings include all provinces and territories

Alberta ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}) is a western province of Canada. With a population of 3,645,257 in 2011 and an estimated population of 4,196,457 as of July 1, 2015,<ref name="Alberta" /><ref name=estimates/> it is Canada's fourth-most populous province and most populous of Canada's three prairie provinces. Alberta and its neighbour, Saskatchewan, were established as provinces on September 1, 1905.<ref name="Alberta becomes a Province">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The current premier of the province is Rachel Notley.

It is bounded by the provinces of British Columbia to the west and Saskatchewan to the east, the Northwest Territories to the north, and the US state of Montana to the south. Alberta is one of three Canadian provinces and territories to border only a single US state and is also one of only two provinces that are landlocked. The climate of the province is predominantly humid continental, but seasonal temperature average swings are smaller than to areas further east, with winters being warmed by occasional chinook winds bringing sudden warming which moderates average temperatures.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Edmonton, the capital city of Alberta, is located near the geographic centre of the province and is the primary supply and service hub for Canada's crude oil, oil sands (Athabasca oil sands)<ref name="NEB_CEO_Reserve">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> and other northern resource industries. Approximately {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} south of the capital is Calgary, Alberta's largest city. Calgary and Edmonton centre Alberta's two census metropolitan areas, both of which have populations exceeding one million,<ref name=StatCan2011CMAs/> while the province has 16 census agglomerations.<ref name=2011censusCAs>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Tourist destinations in the province include Banff, Canmore, Drumheller, Jasper and Sylvan Lake.

Alberta sections
Intro  Etymology   Geography    History    Demographics    Economy   Government and politics   Transportation    Health care    Education    Culture    Friendship partners   See also   References    Further reading    External links   

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