Early life and family::Alan Turing


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Early life and family Turing was born in Maida Vale, London, while his father, Julius Mathison Turing (1873–1947), was on leave from his position with the Indian Civil Service (ICS) at Chhatrapur, Bihar and Orissa Province, in British India.<ref name = "Hodges1983P5">{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Turing's father was the son of a clergyman, the Rev. John Robert Turing, from a Scottish family of merchants which had been based in the Netherlands and included a baronet. Turing's mother, Julius' wife, was Ethel Sara (née Stoney; 1881–1976), daughter of Edward Waller Stoney, chief engineer of the Madras Railways. The Stoneys were a Protestant Anglo-Irish gentry family from both County Tipperary and County Longford, while Ethel herself had spent much of her childhood in County Clare.<ref>Phil Maguire, "An Irishman's Diary", page 5. The Irish Times, 23 June 2012.</ref>

Julius' work with the ICS brought the family to British India, where his grandfather had been a general in the Bengal Army. However, both Julius and Ethel wanted their children to be brought up in Britain, so they moved to Maida Vale,<ref name="englishheritaget">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> London, where Turing was born on 23 June 1912, as recorded by a blue plaque on the outside of the house of his birth,<ref>The Scientific Tourist In London: #17 Alan Turing's Birth Place, London Blog</ref><ref>Plaque #381 on Open Plaques.</ref> later the Colonnade Hotel.<ref name="Hodges1983P5"/><ref name="turingorguk">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> He had an elder brother, John (the father of Sir John Dermot Turing, 12th Baronet of the Turing baronets).

Turing's father's civil service commission was still active and during Turing's childhood years Turing's parents travelled between Hastings in England<ref>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref> and India, leaving their two sons to stay with a retired Army couple. At Hastings, Turing stayed at Baston Lodge, Upper Maze Hill, St Leonards-on-Sea, now marked with a blue plaque.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Very early in life, Turing showed signs of the genius that he was later to display prominently.<ref name=toolbox>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> His parents purchased a house in Guildford in 1927, and Turing lived there during school holidays. The location is also marked with a blue plaque.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Alan Turing sections
Intro  Early life and family  Education  Cryptanalysis  Early computers and the Turing test  Pattern formation and mathematical biology  Conviction for indecency  Death  Recognition and tributes  Government apology and pardon  Centenary celebrations  Portrayal in adaptations  Awards and honours  Notes  References  Further reading  External links  

Early life and family
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