::Aboriginal peoples in Canada


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Aboriginal peoples in Canada, or Aboriginal Canadians, are the indigenous peoples within the boundaries of present-day Canada. They comprise the First Nations,<ref name="First Nations Culture Areas Index">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Inuit<ref name="ICCcharter">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }} </ref> and Métis.<ref name="ToddThornton2001">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> The descriptors "Indian" and "Eskimo" have somewhat fallen into disuse in Canada and are sometimes considered pejorative.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref name=indian>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref name="kaplan"/>

Old Crow Flats and Bluefish Caves are some of the earliest known sites of human habitation in Canada. The Paleo-Indian Clovis, Plano and Pre-Dorset cultures pre-date current indigenous peoples of the Americas. Projectile point tools, spears, pottery, bangles, chisels and scrapers mark archaeological sites, thus distinguishing cultural periods, traditions and lithic reduction styles.

The characteristics of Canadian Aboriginal culture included permanent settlements,<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> agriculture,<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> civic and ceremonial architecture,<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> complex societal hierarchies and trading networks.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> The Métis culture of mixed blood originated in the mid-17th century when First Nation and Inuit people married Europeans.<ref name=testt/> The Inuit had more limited interaction with European settlers during that early period.<ref name=warin/> Various laws, treaties, and legislation have been enacted between European immigrants and First Nations across Canada. Aboriginal Right to Self-Government provides opportunity to manage historical, cultural, political, health care and economic control aspects within first people's communities.

As of the 2011 census, Aboriginal peoples in Canada totaled 1,400,685 people, or 4.3% of the national population, spread over 600 recognized First Nations governments or bands with distinctive cultures, languages, art, and music.<ref name="Aboriginal Identity 2011">2011 National Household Survey: Aboriginal Peoples in Canada: First Nations People, Métis and Inuit</ref><ref name="three">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }} </ref> National Aboriginal Day recognizes the cultures and contributions of Aboriginals to the history of Canada.<ref name=history/> First Nations, Inuit and Métis peoples of all backgrounds have become prominent figures and have served as role models in the Aboriginal community and help to shape the Canadian cultural identity.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Aboriginal peoples in Canada sections
Intro  Terminology   History   Politics, law and legislation  Culture  Demographics   See also   References  Further reading  External links  

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