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Abdel Halim Ali Shabana (Arabic: عبدالحليم علي شبانة), commonly known as Abdel Halim Hafez (Arabic: عبد الحليم حافظ‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}) (June 21, 1929 – March 30, 1977), is among the most popular Egyptian and Arab singers.<ref name=El-Seket>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref name="Kjeilen 2011">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref name="i-dothink.com">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> In addition to singing, Halim was also an actor, conductor, business man, music teacher and movie producer.<ref name=El-Seket/><ref name="Abdel Halim Hafez">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref name="The sound of resilience">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref name="http">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> He is considered to be one of the Great Four of Arabic music (along with Umm Kulthum, Mohammed Abdel Wahab, and Farid Al Attrach).<ref name=El-Seket/><ref name="http"/><ref name="abridgetoegypt.com">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> His name is sometimes written as 'Abd el-Halim Hafez. He is known as el-Andaleeb el-Asmar (The Dark-Skinned Nightingale, Arabic: العندليب الأسمر‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}).<ref name="i-dothink.com"/><ref name=Katti>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> He is also known as an icon in modern Arabic music.<ref name="El-Seket"/><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> To this day, his music is still enjoyed throughout the Arab world.<ref name="Abdel Halim Hafez"/><ref name="sis.gov.eg">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref name="last.fm">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>


Abdel Halim Hafez sections
Intro  Early life  Musical career  His Fame  Personal life  Death  Legacy  Songs  Filmography  References  External links  

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