Early life::Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan


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Early life Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan spent most of his early life in Medina with his father, where he developed useful relationships with the religious circles of the city. He studied Islamic jurisprudence under Umm Darda as Sughra in Damascus.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> At 16, he was given limited responsibilities by Muawiya II. In 683, he and his father were driven out of Medina by local rebels. On the way to Damascus, he crossed paths with the Syrian Army entailed with the task of ending the rebellion. He was responsible for the giving of useful advice and information that helped to end that problem.<ref name=EB/> His father was appointed to be caliph in 684, but was successful only in creating a feud between the northern and southern Arab tribes.<ref name=EB/>

Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan sections
Intro  Early life   Campaigns in Iraq and Hejaz    Campaigns in North Africa   Anatolia   Reforms    Art and architecture    Death    References    Sources    External links   

Early life
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