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Aachen's Neues Kurhaus

Aachen (German pronunciation: [ˈʔaːxən]), also known as Bad Aachen (Ripuarian: Óche, Limburgish: Aoke, French: Aix-la-Chapelle, Dutch: Aken, Latin: Aquisgranum) is a German spa and border town located between the Eifel, South Limburg (Netherlands) and High Fens (Belgium) regions<ref name=young>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref> in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia. Sometimes in English (especially in older usage), the city is referred to as Aix-la-Chapelle (French pronunciation: ​[ɛkslaʃapɛl]). Aachen was a favoured residence of Charlemagne, and later the place of coronation of the German kings, which is where it gained the reference as the "watering-place of kings."<ref name=munro/> Geographically, Aachen is the westernmost city of Germany, located along its borders with Belgium and the Netherlands, {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} west-southwest of Cologne.<ref name=CVDE>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref><ref name=EA>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref> It is located within a former coal-mining region, and this fact was important in its economic history.<ref name=EA/> RWTH Aachen University, one of Germany's Universities of Excellence, is located in the city.<ref group = nb>"RWTH" is the abbreviation of "Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule", which translates into "Rhine-Westphalian Technical University". The institution is commonly referred to as "RWTH Aachen" or simply "RWTH", with the abbreviation remaining untranslated in other languages to avoid the use of the "Hochschule" term, which is sometimes mistakenly translated as highschool. Sometimes, RWTH Aachen is also referred to as "TH Aachen" or "Aachen University".
Note: The term "FH Aachen" does not refer to the RWTH but to the Fachhochschule Aachen, a university of applied sciences, which is also located in Aachen.</ref><ref name="">{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref> Aachen's predominant economic focus is on science, engineering, information technology and related sectors. In 2009, Aachen was ranked 8th among cities in Germany for innovation.<ref>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref>

Aachen sections
Intro   Name   History   Geography    Geology    Demographics   Main sights  Economy  Culture  Education  Sports  Transport  Charlemagne Prize  Notable residents  International relations  See also  Notes  Citations  References  Further reading  External links