::2nd millennium BC


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The 2nd millennium BC marks the transition from the Middle to the Late Bronze Age.

Its first half is dominated by the Middle Kingdom of Egypt and Babylonia. The alphabet develops. Indo-Iranian migration onto the Iranian plateau and onto the Indian subcontinent propagates the use of the chariot. Chariot warfare and population movements lead to violent changes at the center of the millennium, a new order emerges with Greek dominance of the Aegean and the rise of the Hittite Empire. The end of the millennium sees the transition to the Iron Age. World population begins to rise steadily, reaching some 50 million towards 1000 BC.

2nd millennium BC sections
Intro  Overview  Civilizations, kingdoms and dynasties  Inventions, discoveries, introductions  Significant people   Biblical   Fiction  Accuracy of dates  References  Centuries and Decades  See also  

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