::2nd millennium


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<imagemap>File:2nd millennium montage.png|From left, clockwise: In 1492, Italian navigator Christopher Columbus; The American Revolution; The French Revolution; The Atomic Bomb from World War II; An alternate source of light, the Light Bulb; For the first time, a human being sets foot on the moon in 1969 during the Apollo 11 moon mission; Aeroplanes become the most-used way of transport though the skies; Napoleon Bonaparte, in the early 19th century, affects France and Europe on subjects of expansionism and modernization; Alexander Graham Bell's telephone; In 1348, the Black Death kills over 100 million people worldwide, and over half of Europe, in two years. (Background: An excerpt from the Gutenberg Bible, the first major book printed in the West using movable type, in the 1450s)|500px|thumb rect 3 3 253 191 New World rect 259 5 438 123 American Revolution rect 445 4 559 159 French Revolution rect 260 129 438 249 Black Death rect 5 212 110 375 Napoleon Bonaparte rect 129 197 253 299 Telephone rect 123 309 257 386 aeroplanes rect 268 257 432 379 Moon landing rect 446 165 560 296 Atomic Bomb rect 440 303 514 387 Light Bulb rect 1 1 566 394 Gutenberg Bible </imagemap>


The second millennium is a period of time that began on January 1, 1001, and ended on December 31, 2000, of the Gregorian calendar.<ref name="USNO"/> It was the second period of one thousand years in the Anno Domini or Common Era.

It encompassed the High Middle Ages, the Late Middle Ages, the Italian Renaissance, the Early Modern Age, the age of Enlightenment, the age of colonialism, industrialization, the rise of nation states, and the 20th century with the impact of science, widespread education, and universal health care and vaccinations in many nations. The centuries of expanding large-scale warfare with high-tech weaponry (of the World Wars and nuclear bombs) were offset by growing peace movements from the United Nations, the Peace Corps, religious campaigns warning against violence, plus doctors and health workers crossing borders to treat injuries and disease, and the return of the Olympics as contest without combat.

Scientists prevailed in explaining intellectual freedom; humans took their first steps on the Moon during the 20th century; and new technology was developed by governments, industry, and academia across the world, with education shared by many international conferences and journals. The development of movable type, radio, television, and the Internet spread information worldwide, within minutes, in audio, video, and print-image format to inform, educate and entertain billions of people by the end of the 20th century.

The 15th century saw the beginning of the second migration of humans from Europe, Africa, and Asia to the Americas, beginning the ever-accelerating process of globalization. The interwoven international trade led to the formation of multi-national corporations, with home offices in multiple countries. International business ventures reduced the impact of nationalism in popular thought.

The world population doubled over the first seven centuries of the millennium (from 310 million in AD 1000 to 600 million in AD 1700) and later increased tenfold over its last three centuries, exceeding 6 billion in AD 2000.

2nd millennium sections
Intro  Calendar  Civilizations  Events  Significant people  Inventions, discoveries, introductions  Centuries and decades  Notes  References  

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