Nomination::1968 Democratic National Convention


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Nomination In 1968 the Democratic Party was divided. Senators Eugene McCarthy and Robert F. Kennedy had entered the campaign in March, challenging Johnson for the Democratic nomination. Johnson, facing dissent within his party, had dropped out of the race on March 31.<ref>LBJ Address to Nation, LBJ Presidential Library</ref> Vice President Hubert Humphrey then entered into the race, but did not compete in any primaries, compiling his delegates in caucus states that were controlled by party leaders. After Kennedy's assassination on June 5, the Democratic Party's divisions grew.<ref name="Schlesinger, JR. 1968" /> At the moment of Kennedy's death the delegate count stood at Humphrey 561.5, Kennedy 393.5, McCarthy 258.<ref>The Killing of Robert F. Kennedy, Dan E. Moldea</ref> Kennedy's murder left his delegates uncommitted.

When it came to choosing a candidate, on one side stood supporters of Senator McCarthy, who ran a decidedly anti-war campaign and who was seen as the peace candidate.<ref>Farber 1988: 100.</ref> On the other side was Vice President Humphrey, who was seen as the candidate who represented the Johnson point of view.<ref>Farber 1988: 93.</ref> In the end, the Democratic Party nominated Humphrey. Even though 80 percent of the primary voters had been for anti-war candidates, the delegates had defeated the peace plank by 1,567¾ to 1,041¼.<ref name="Gitlin 1987: 331">Gitlin 1987: 331.</ref> The perceived cause of this loss was the result of Mayor of Chicago Richard Daley, and President Johnson pulling strings behind the scenes.<ref name="Gitlin 1987: 331" /> Humphrey, even though he had not entered a single primary, had won the Democratic nomination, and went on to lose the election to the Republican Richard Nixon.<ref name="Jennings & Brewster 1998: 413">Jennings & Brewster 1998: 413.</ref>

Final ballot
Presidential tally Vice Presidential tally:
Hubert Humphrey 1759.25 Edmund S. Muskie 1942.5
Eugene McCarthy 601 Not Voting 604.25
George S. McGovern 146.5 Julian Bond 48.5
Channing Phillips 67.5 David Hoeh 4
Daniel K. Moore 17.5 Edward M. Kennedy 3.5
Edward M. Kennedy 12.75 Eugene McCarthy 3.0
Paul W. "Bear" Bryant 1.5 Others 16.25
James H. Gray 0.5
George Wallace 0.5

Source: Keating Holland, "All the Votes... Really," CNN<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref>

1968 Democratic National Convention sections
Intro  Nomination  Richard J. Daley and the Convention  Dan Rather incident  Protests and police response  The Chicago Eight  See also  References  Further reading  External links  

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