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Chemistry::1860 in science

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Chemistry

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  • Stanislao Cannizzaro, resurrecting Avogadro's ideas regarding diatomic molecules, compiles a table of atomic weights and presents it at the 1860 Karlsruhe Congress, ending decades of conflicting atomic weights and molecular formulas, and leading to Mendeleev's discovery of the periodic law.<ref>Eric R. Scerri,The Periodic Table: Its Story and Its Significance, Oxford University Press, 2006.</ref>
  • Albert Niemann makes a detailed analysis of the coca leaf, isolating and purifying the crystalline alkaloid which he calls cocaine.<ref>Niemann, Albert. On a New Organic Base in the Coca Leaves ("Über eine neue organische Base in den Cocablättern", published version of Ph.D. dissertation); {{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation

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Chemistry
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