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Development::.450 Nitro Express

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Nitro::express    Rifle::british    Rifles::holland    Convert::india    Double::hailey    Length::rigby

Development The .450 Nitro Express was the first Nitro Express, developed around 1898 by John Rigby. This cartridge was based on the then popular .450 Black Powder Express case with {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} of Cordite and a {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} jacketed bullet. Muzzle velocity is listed at 2,150 feet per second (655 m/s) with {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} of muzzle energy. This straight case has a length of {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} with a {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} rim.<ref name="cotw"/>

Early cartridges used the black powder case that was designed for around 22,000 psi and not the 34,000 psi that the Cordite load generated. Case extraction was difficult, especially in warmer climates such as Africa and India where the cartridge was primarily used. To remedy this problem, a reinforced case was produced and Kynoch made a reduced load to lower the case pressure. Another problem lay in the sensitivity of Cordite, loads developed in the cool British climate performed differently in the tropical heat of Africa and India, resulting in excessive pressures. The manufacturers responded by developing "tropical loads" with reduced propellant.<ref name=Hailey>Hailey.</ref>

These initial problems led to Holland & Holland developing the .500/450 Nitro Express and Eley Brothers developing the .450 No 2 Nitro Express, both of which offered very similar performance to the original .450 Nitro Express. By the time these two cartridges appeared, the early issues with the .450 Nitro Express had been resolved, and it quickly became the most popular and widely used Elephant hunting round.<ref name=Hailey/>


.450 Nitro Express sections
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