1907 British ban::.450 Nitro Express


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1907 British ban In the late 1890s, the British Empire was facing a series of internal insurrections in India and the Sudan, and the .450 calibre .577/450 Martini–Henry rifle was the most widely distributed firearm in the hands of the anti-British forces. In 1907 the British Army banned all .450 calibre sporting rifles and ammunition from importation into India and East Africa, the two major destinations for .450 NE rifles and ammunition. Whist the .450 NE cartridge could not be loaded into a Martini–Henry rifle, it was feared the bullets could be pulled and used to reload expended .577/.450 cartridges.<ref name=Hailey/>

What resulted was a rush by British rifle and ammunition makers to develop a substitute, Holland & Holland created the .500/465 Nitro Express, Joseph Lang the .470 Nitro Express, someone else (no-one is sure who) the .475 Nitro Express, Eley Brothers the .475 No. 2 Nitro Express and Westley Richards the .476 Nitro Express.<ref>Wieland.</ref>

By the time the ban was lifted these cartridges had largely supplanted the .450 NE, and Mauser's Gewehr 98 bolt actioned rifles offered cheaper alternatives to the expensive double rifles required by the Nitro Express cartridges.

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1907 British ban
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