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Not to be confused with the retroflex clicks or palatal clicks. Unicode uses the obsolete descriptions of "retroflex click" for the alveolar-click character ǃ and "alveolar click" for the palatal-click character ǂ.

The alveolar or postalveolar clicks are a family of click consonants found only in Africa and in the Damin ritual jargon of Australia. The tongue is more or less concave (depending on the language), and is pulled down rather than back as in the palatal clicks, making a hollower sound than those consonants.

The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents the place of articulation of these sounds is ǃ. The symbol is not an exclamation mark in origin, but rather a pipe with a subscript dot,  ǀ̣ , the dot being the old diacritic for retroflex consonants. Prior to 1989, ʗ (stretched c) was the IPA letter for the alveolar clicks, and this is still preferred by some phoneticians. The tail of ʗ may be the tail of retroflex consonants in the IPA, and thus analogous to the underdot of ǃ.<ref>Pullum & Ladusaw, Phonetic Symbol Guide, p. 34</ref> Either letter may be combined with a second letter to indicate the manner of articulation, though this is commonly omitted for tenuis clicks, and increasingly a diacritic is used instead.

Common alveolar clicks are:

IPA I IPA II Description
ǃ or ʗ Tenuis alveolar click
ǃʰ or ʗʰ aspirated alveolar click
ǃ̬ or ʗ̬ ᶢǃ or ᶢʗ Voiced alveolar click
ǃ̃ or ʗ̃ ᵑǃ or ᵑʗ Alveolar nasal click
ǃ̥̃ʰ or ʗ̃̊ʰ ᵑ̊ǃʰ or ᵑ̊ʗʰ Aspirated alveolar nasal click
ǃ̃ˀ or ʗ̃ˀ ᵑǃˀ or ᵑʗˀ Glottalized alveolar nasal click

The last can be heard in the sound sample at right; non-native speakers tend to glottalize clicks to avoid nasalizing them. The nasal click may also be heard at the right.

In the orthographies of individual languages, the letters and digraphs for alveolar clicks may be based on either the pipe symbol of the IPA, ǃ, or on the Latin q of Bantu convention. Nama and most Saan languages use the former; Naro, Sandawe, and Zulu use the latter.


Alveolar clicks sections
Intro  Features  Occurrence  [[Alveolar_clicks?section={{safesubst:#invoke:anchor|main}}Percussive_release|{{safesubst:#invoke:anchor|main}}Percussive release]]  \"Fricated\" alveolar clicks  See also  References  

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Bracket::angle    Alveolar::clicks    Click::small    Symbol::align    Language::center    Style::nasal

Not to be confused with the retroflex clicks or palatal clicks. Unicode uses the obsolete descriptions of "retroflex click" for the alveolar-click character ǃ and "alveolar click" for the palatal-click character ǂ.

The alveolar or postalveolar clicks are a family of click consonants found only in Africa and in the Damin ritual jargon of Australia. The tongue is more or less concave (depending on the language), and is pulled down rather than back as in the palatal clicks, making a hollower sound than those consonants.

The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents the place of articulation of these sounds is ǃ. The symbol is not an exclamation mark in origin, but rather a pipe with a subscript dot,  ǀ̣ , the dot being the old diacritic for retroflex consonants. Prior to 1989, ʗ (stretched c) was the IPA letter for the alveolar clicks, and this is still preferred by some phoneticians. The tail of ʗ may be the tail of retroflex consonants in the IPA, and thus analogous to the underdot of ǃ.<ref>Pullum & Ladusaw, Phonetic Symbol Guide, p. 34</ref> Either letter may be combined with a second letter to indicate the manner of articulation, though this is commonly omitted for tenuis clicks, and increasingly a diacritic is used instead.

Common alveolar clicks are:

IPA I IPA II Description
ǃ or ʗ Tenuis alveolar click
ǃʰ or ʗʰ aspirated alveolar click
ǃ̬ or ʗ̬ ᶢǃ or ᶢʗ Voiced alveolar click
ǃ̃ or ʗ̃ ᵑǃ or ᵑʗ Alveolar nasal click
ǃ̥̃ʰ or ʗ̃̊ʰ ᵑ̊ǃʰ or ᵑ̊ʗʰ Aspirated alveolar nasal click
ǃ̃ˀ or ʗ̃ˀ ᵑǃˀ or ᵑʗˀ Glottalized alveolar nasal click

The last can be heard in the sound sample at right; non-native speakers tend to glottalize clicks to avoid nasalizing them. The nasal click may also be heard at the right.

In the orthographies of individual languages, the letters and digraphs for alveolar clicks may be based on either the pipe symbol of the IPA, ǃ, or on the Latin q of Bantu convention. Nama and most Saan languages use the former; Naro, Sandawe, and Zulu use the latter.


Alveolar clicks sections
Intro  Features  Occurrence  [[Alveolar_clicks?section={{safesubst:#invoke:anchor|main}}Percussive_release|{{safesubst:#invoke:anchor|main}}Percussive release]]  \"Fricated\" alveolar clicks  See also  References  

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