Governorships of Egypt::'Isa ibn Yazid al-Juludi


Harvnb::egypt    Muhammad::title    Governor::first    Ishaq::al-kindi    Mecca::kennedy    Location::yemen

Governorships of Egypt In 827, 'Isa participated in 'Abdallah ibn Tahir's reconquest of Egypt,{{#invoke:Footnotes|sfn}} which brought an end to the turmoil that had plagued that country since the outbreak of the civil war.{{#invoke:Footnotes|sfn}} After Egypt was pacified and 'Abdallah departed in 827, 'Isa was appointed as his deputy governor of the province. When the caliph's brother Abu Ishaq (the future caliph al-Mu'tasim, r. 833–842) took 'Abdallah's place and assumed the governorship of Egypt in 828, he confirmed 'Isa as resident governor over the security and prayers. At the same time, however, Abu Ishaq transferred control of the provincial taxes, giving it to Salih ibn Shirzad.<ref>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}; {{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}; {{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}; {{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}.</ref>

Before long, the increased taxes and oppression that came with the re-imposition of caliphal authority in Egypt became deeply unpopular, and a rebellion broke out in the Hawf district in Lower Egypt. 'Isa responded to the uprising by sending his chief of security, his son Muhammad, with an army to fight the Hawfis. Muhammad, however, suffered a major defeat at Bilbays in April 829 and barely escaped with his life, while most of his men were killed. News of the defeat reached Abu Ishaq, who responded by dismissing 'Isa and appointing 'Umayr ibn al-Walid in his place.<ref>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}; {{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}; {{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}; {{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}; {{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}.</ref>

'Umayr's governorship came to a sudden end in May 829, when he lost his life in battle against the rebels. With 'Umayr dead, Abu Ishaq decided to re-appoint 'Isa as governor, and the latter took over affairs from 'Umayr's son Muhammad. 'Isa then set out in a fresh attempt to quell the rebellion, but the Hawfis defeated him at Munyat Matar in September 829, and he was compelled to retreat to al-Fustat after burning his baggage.<ref>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}; {{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}; {{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}; {{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}; {{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}.</ref>

Following 'Isa's defeat, the caliph al-Ma'mun decided that reinforcements were needed in Egypt and ordered Abu Ishaq to head to the province. Abu Ishaq arrived in Egypt with four thousand Turkish troops and quickly defeated the rebels in October 829. After entering Fustat in November, where he received the homage of 'Isa and the local notables, he continued securing the province and executed the leaders of the rebellion. By the following year the Hawfis had been pacified and Abu Ishaq departed for Syria in February 830, taking with him a large number of prisoners.<ref>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}; {{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}; {{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}; {{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}; {{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}.</ref>

'Isa did not retain the governorship of Egypt following Abu Ishaq's campaign; he was dismissed and 'Abdawayh ibn Jabalah was appointed in his place.<ref>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}; {{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}; {{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}.</ref>

'Isa ibn Yazid al-Juludi sections
Intro   Early career    Governorships of Egypt    Notes    References   

Governorships of Egypt
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