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Background and history::!!!

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Background and history !!! is an American band formed in the summer of 1995 by the merger of part of the group Black Liquorice and Popesmashers. After a successful joint tour, these two teams decided to mix the disco-funk with more aggressive sounds and integrate the hardcore singer Nic Offer from the The Yah Mos. The band's name was inspired by the subtitles of the movie The Gods Must Be Crazy, in which the clicking sounds of the Bushmens' Khoisan language were represented as "!". However, as the bandmembers themselves say, !!! is pronounced by repeating thrice any monosyllabic sound. "Chk Chk Chk" is the most common pronunciation,<ref name="NPRatc07"/> which the URL of their official website and the title of their Myspace page suggest is the preferred pronunciation.<ref name="myspace">"!!! (Chk Chk Chk) on Myspace Music" MySpace.com, 2009. Retrieved 2010-08-26. Archived at WebCite</ref>

The band's full-length debut record came out in 2000 as a self-titled album on the label Gold Standard Laboratories. This was followed in 2003 by the single "Me and Giuliani Down By the School Yard", a lengthy track combining house beats with sinewy basslines, psychedelic guitars, and simple lyrics which quote the title song of the musical Footloose.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref>

A second full-length, Louden Up Now, was released on Touch and Go in America and on Warp Records in Europe in June 2004. In June 2005 !!! released a new EP covering "Take Ecstasy with Me" by The Magnetic Fields, and "Get Up" by Nate Dogg. The following December, the original drummer for the band, Mikel Gius, was struck and killed by a car while riding his bike.<ref>Orangevale bicyclist killed. Sacramento Bee. December 19, 2005, Page B2. Newsbank. Retrieved 2010-08-25. Archived at WebCite</ref>

They released their third album, Myth Takes in 2007.<ref>Diver, Mike (November 16, 2006). "It's no rumour, it's a Myth. Takes eight to make it !!!". News Drowned in Sound. Retrieved 2010-08-26. Archived at WebCite</ref><ref name="PF-MTr">Howe, Brian. (March 2, 2007). "Album Review – !!! Myth Takes (Warp; 2007)". Pitchfork.com. Retrieved 2010-08-26. Archived at WebCite</ref>

!!! performing at the Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival on May 2, 2004.

!!! is composed of Mario Andreoni (guitar), Dan Gorman (horns/percussion/keys), Nic Offer (vocals), Tyler Pope (bass/various electronic devices), and Allan Wilson (horns/percussion/keys). Touring members include Shannon Funchess (vocals), Sean McGahan (various electronic devices/sound manipulation) and Paul Quattrone (drums). The band also shared membership with the similar, defunct group Out Hud (including Tyler Pope, who has played with LCD Soundsystem and written music for Cake).<ref>Still Disco-Punk, Still Spoiling for a Fight, New York Times, March 18, 2007. Retrieved 19 July 2013.</ref>

Vocalist and drummer John Pugh officially left the band in July 2007 to concentrate on his new band Free Blood.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Shannon Funchess stood in for Pugh during much of their 2007 tour.<ref>Phillips, Amy (August 6, 2007). Lollapalooza Report: Sunday [Amy Phillips]. Pitchforkmedia.com. Retrieved 2010-08-26. Archived at WebCite</ref>


!!! sections
Intro  Background and history  Discography  References  External links  

Background and history
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