::18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China


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{{#invoke:Infobox|infobox}} The 18th Central Committee (18th CC) was elected by the 18th Congress on 15 November 2012, and will sit until the next National Congress is convened in 2017. The Committee is composed of full members and alternate members.<ref name="memberalternate"/> A member has voting rights, while an alternate does not.<ref name="memberalternate"/> If a full member is removed from the CC the vacancy is then filled by an alternate member at the next committee plenum — the alternate member who received the most confirmation votes in favour is highest on the order of precedence.<ref name="memberalternate">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> To be elected to the Central Committee, a candidate must be a party member for at least five years.<ref name="memberalternate"/>

The 18th CC was elected using the method "more candidates than seats".{{#invoke:Footnotes|sfn}}Unknown extension tag "ref" At the 18th National Congress, delegates could vote for 224 possible candidates for 205 seats for full membership, and 190 candidates for the 171 alternate members.{{#invoke:Footnotes|sfn}} 8.5 percent of the member candidates and 10 percent of the alternate candidates failed to be elected.{{#invoke:Footnotes|sfn}} Of the 373 full and alternate members, 184 of them (i.e., 48.9 percent) were elected to the Central Committee for the first time.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Five of the nine members born in the 1960s were associated with the Communist Youth League (designated as Tuanpai by foreign commentators).{{#invoke:Footnotes|sfn}} Few offspring of previously high-standing officials (known as "princelings") managed to obtain full membership on the 18th CC, though a few were named alternate members.Unknown extension tag "ref"{{#invoke:Footnotes|sfn}} The number of members who worked in central-controlled state-owned enterprises increased from one in the 17th CC to six, while Zhang Ruimin (head of Haier) was re-elected.{{#invoke:Footnotes|sfn}} The number of members from the military remained constant from the previous committee at around 20 percent, continuing a longstanding tradition.{{#invoke:Footnotes|sfn}}

The first plenary session in 2012 was responsible for electing the bodies in which the authority of the Central Committee was invested when it was not in session: the Politburo and the Politburo Standing Committee. It was also responsible for approving the members of the Secretariat, Central Commission of Discipline Inspection and its Standing Committee. The second plenary session in March 2013 was responsible for nominating candidates for state positions.

The remaining plenary sessions of the 18th Central Committee were known for announcing a wide range of reform programs on a scale unprecedented since the Deng era. The third plenum held in November 2013 called for the advancement of "comprehensively deepening reforms", the most far-reaching set of economic and social reforms since the 1978 reform package. The third plenum called for the reduction of government interference in the economy, the abolishment of re-education through labour, and an relaxation of the one-child policy, as well as the establishment of the National Security Commission. The fourth plenum held in 2014 released a raft of legal reforms which included the introduction of cross-jurisdictional courts and prosecution authorities aimed at strengthening legal due process and reduce local government interference in judicial proceedings, as well as provisions for the party's primacy in the governance of the state and a renewed emphasis on the constitution. The 18th CC also saw the highest number of members expelled from the body due to corruption in the party's history.

18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China sections
Intro  Keys  Plenums  Apparatus  Membership  Notes  References