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The 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China began on November 8, 2012<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> in Beijing, China, at the Great Hall of the People.<ref>China seals Bo's fate ahead of November 8 leadership congress. Reuters (28 September 2012). Retrieved on 24 October 2012.</ref><ref>CPC to convene 12th National Congress on Nov. 8 – Xinhua | English.news.cn. News.xinhuanet.com (28 September 2012). Retrieved on 24 October 2012.</ref> Due to term and age limits restrictions, seven of the nine members of the powerful Politburo Standing Committee (PSC) retired during the Congress, including Hu Jintao, who was replaced by Xi Jinping as General Secretary of the Communist Party of China. The Congress elected the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, and saw the number of Politburo Standing Committee seats reduced from nine to seven.

The seven PSC members elected during the Congress were Xi Jinping, Li Keqiang, Zhang Dejiang, Yu Zhengsheng, Liu Yunshan, Wang Qishan and Zhang Gaoli. Five of these were identified as associates or having benefited from the patronage of former Communist Party leader Jiang Zemin, who reportedly exerted considerable influence in shaping the composition of the new Standing Committee. Only Li Keqiang and Liu Yunshan are considered to be members of the tuanpai.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>


18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China sections
Intro  Delegates  Leadership Changes  See also  References  External links  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Delegates
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The 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China began on November 8, 2012<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> in Beijing, China, at the Great Hall of the People.<ref>China seals Bo's fate ahead of November 8 leadership congress. Reuters (28 September 2012). Retrieved on 24 October 2012.</ref><ref>CPC to convene 12th National Congress on Nov. 8 – Xinhua | English.news.cn. News.xinhuanet.com (28 September 2012). Retrieved on 24 October 2012.</ref> Due to term and age limits restrictions, seven of the nine members of the powerful Politburo Standing Committee (PSC) retired during the Congress, including Hu Jintao, who was replaced by Xi Jinping as General Secretary of the Communist Party of China. The Congress elected the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, and saw the number of Politburo Standing Committee seats reduced from nine to seven.

The seven PSC members elected during the Congress were Xi Jinping, Li Keqiang, Zhang Dejiang, Yu Zhengsheng, Liu Yunshan, Wang Qishan and Zhang Gaoli. Five of these were identified as associates or having benefited from the patronage of former Communist Party leader Jiang Zemin, who reportedly exerted considerable influence in shaping the composition of the new Standing Committee. Only Li Keqiang and Liu Yunshan are considered to be members of the tuanpai.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>


18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China sections
Intro  Delegates  Leadership Changes  See also  References  External links  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Delegates
<<>>