::1890s African rinderpest epizootic


Africa::journal    First::pages    Volume::phoofolo    Title::zambezi    March::cattle    Issue::buffalo

Cattle dead from rinderpest in South Africa, 1896

In the 1890s, an epizootic of the rinderpest virus struck Africa, considered to be "the most devastating epidemic to hit southern Africa in the late nineteenth century".<ref name="Phoofolo">{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref> It killed more than 5.2 million cattle south of the Zambezi,<ref>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref> as well as domestic oxen, sheep, and goats, and wild populations of buffalo, giraffe, and wildebeest. This led to starvation resulting in the death of an estimated third of the human population of Ethiopia and two-thirds of the Maasai people of Tanzania.<ref>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref>

1890s African rinderpest epizootic sections
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