::United States presidential election, 1876

::concepts



{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use mdy dates |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Refimprove |date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Message box|ambox}} }}

colspan=4 style="text-align:center;" United States

colspan=4 { cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" style="background:transparent; width:100%;" style="width:25%;text-align:left;" class="noprint" 1872 ←
="width:50%;text-align:center;" November 7, 1876 (1876-11-07) ="width:25%;text-align:right;" class="noprint" → 1880
}

colspan=4 style="text-align:center"

ElectoralCollege1876.svg

colspan=4 style="text-align:center" Presidential election results map. Red denotes states won by Hayes/Wheeler, Blue denotes those won by Tilden/Hendricks. Numbers indicate the number of electoral votes allotted to each state.



colspan=4 style="text-align:center"

{ cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" style="background:transparent; width:100%;" style="width:50%; text-align:left; text-size: 80%" President before election
Ulysses S. Grant
style="width:50%; text-align:right; text-size: 80%" Elected President
Rutherford B. Hayes
}

United States presidential election, 1876
colspan=4
  style="text-align:center;border-bottom: 6px solid #" {{#invoke:InfoboxImage|InfoboxImage|image=RutherfordBHayes.png|suppressplaceholder=yes}} style="text-align:center;border-bottom: 6px solid #" {{#invoke:InfoboxImage|InfoboxImage|image=SamuelJonesTilden.png|suppressplaceholder=yes}} colspan=4


  style="text-align:center;border-bottom: 6px solid #" {{#invoke:InfoboxImage|InfoboxImage|image=|suppressplaceholder=yes}} style="text-align:center;border-bottom: 6px solid #" {{#invoke:InfoboxImage|InfoboxImage|image=|suppressplaceholder=yes}}




































colspan=4


  style="text-align:center;border-bottom: 6px solid #" {{#invoke:InfoboxImage|InfoboxImage|image=|suppressplaceholder=yes}} style="text-align:center;border-bottom: 6px solid #" {{#invoke:InfoboxImage|InfoboxImage|image=|suppressplaceholder=yes}}



































colspan=4 style="text-align:center" All 369 electoral votes of the Electoral College
185 electoral votes needed to win
style="text-align:left" Turnout

colspan=3 style="text-align:center" 81.8%<ref name="turnout">Between 1828-1928: {{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

CitationClass=web

}}</ref>

style="width:75px;text-align:left" Nominee

style="width:75px;text-align:center" Rutherford B. Hayes style="width:75px;text-align:center" Samuel J. Tilden style="text-align:center"

style="width:75px;text-align:left" Party

style="width:75px;text-align:center" style="width:75px;text-align:center"

style="text-align:left" Home state

style="width:75px;text-align:center" Ohio style="width:75px;text-align:center" New York

style="text-align:left" Running mate

style="width:75px;text-align:center" William A. Wheeler style="width:75px;text-align:center" Thomas A. Hendricks

style="text-align:left" Electoral vote

style="width:75px;text-align:center" 185 style="width:75px;text-align:center" 184

style="text-align:left" States carried

style="width:75px;text-align:center" 21 style="width:75px;text-align:center" 17

style="text-align:left" Popular vote

style="width:75px;text-align:center" 4,034,311 style="width:75px;text-align:center" 4,288,546

style="text-align:left" Percentage

style="width:75px;text-align:center" 47.9% style="width:75px;text-align:center" 50.9%

The United States presidential election of 1876 was the 23rd quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 7, 1876. It was one of the most contentious and controversial presidential elections in American history. The results of the election remain among the most disputed ever, although there is no question that Samuel J. Tilden of New York outpolled Ohio's Rutherford B. Hayes in the popular vote. After a first count of votes, Tilden won 184 electoral votes to Hayes's 165, with 20 votes unresolved. These 20 electoral votes were in dispute in four states: in the case of Florida, Louisiana, and South Carolina, each party reported its candidate had won the state, while in Oregon one elector was declared illegal (as an "elected or appointed official") and replaced. The question of who should have been awarded these electoral votes is the source of the continued controversy concerning the results of this election.

An informal deal was struck to resolve the dispute: the Compromise of 1877, which awarded all 20 electoral votes to Hayes. In return for the Democrats' acquiescence in Hayes's election, the Republicans agreed to withdraw federal troops from the South, ending Reconstruction. The Compromise effectively ceded power in the Southern states to the Democratic Redeemers, who went on to pursue their agenda of returning the South to a political economy resembling that of its pre-war condition, including the disenfranchisement of black voters.

This was the first presidential election in 20 years in which the Democratic candidate won a majority of the popular vote. This is also the only election in which a candidate for president received more than 50 percent of the popular vote but was not elected president by the Electoral College, and one of four elections in which the person winning the plurality of the popular vote did not win the election. It is to date the smallest electoral vote victory and the election with the highest voter turnout of the voting age population<ref name="turnout" /><ref>Between 1932 and 2008: {{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> in American history, at 81.8%.


United States presidential election, 1876 sections
Intro   Nominations    General election   Popular culture  See also  Footnotes  Reference and further reading   External links   

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Nominations
<<>>

Style::center    Election::states    United::party    Hayes::tilden    Shading::votes    Image::state

{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use mdy dates |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Refimprove |date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Message box|ambox}} }}

colspan=4 style="text-align:center;" United States

colspan=4 { cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" style="background:transparent; width:100%;" style="width:25%;text-align:left;" class="noprint" 1872 ←
="width:50%;text-align:center;" November 7, 1876 (1876-11-07) ="width:25%;text-align:right;" class="noprint" → 1880
}

colspan=4 style="text-align:center"

ElectoralCollege1876.svg

colspan=4 style="text-align:center" Presidential election results map. Red denotes states won by Hayes/Wheeler, Blue denotes those won by Tilden/Hendricks. Numbers indicate the number of electoral votes allotted to each state.



colspan=4 style="text-align:center"

{ cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" style="background:transparent; width:100%;" style="width:50%; text-align:left; text-size: 80%" President before election
Ulysses S. Grant
style="width:50%; text-align:right; text-size: 80%" Elected President
Rutherford B. Hayes
}

United States presidential election, 1876
colspan=4
  style="text-align:center;border-bottom: 6px solid #" {{#invoke:InfoboxImage|InfoboxImage|image=RutherfordBHayes.png|suppressplaceholder=yes}} style="text-align:center;border-bottom: 6px solid #" {{#invoke:InfoboxImage|InfoboxImage|image=SamuelJonesTilden.png|suppressplaceholder=yes}} colspan=4


  style="text-align:center;border-bottom: 6px solid #" {{#invoke:InfoboxImage|InfoboxImage|image=|suppressplaceholder=yes}} style="text-align:center;border-bottom: 6px solid #" {{#invoke:InfoboxImage|InfoboxImage|image=|suppressplaceholder=yes}}




































colspan=4


  style="text-align:center;border-bottom: 6px solid #" {{#invoke:InfoboxImage|InfoboxImage|image=|suppressplaceholder=yes}} style="text-align:center;border-bottom: 6px solid #" {{#invoke:InfoboxImage|InfoboxImage|image=|suppressplaceholder=yes}}



































colspan=4 style="text-align:center" All 369 electoral votes of the Electoral College
185 electoral votes needed to win
style="text-align:left" Turnout

colspan=3 style="text-align:center" 81.8%<ref name="turnout">Between 1828-1928: {{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

CitationClass=web

}}</ref>

style="width:75px;text-align:left" Nominee

style="width:75px;text-align:center" Rutherford B. Hayes style="width:75px;text-align:center" Samuel J. Tilden style="text-align:center"

style="width:75px;text-align:left" Party

style="width:75px;text-align:center" style="width:75px;text-align:center"

style="text-align:left" Home state

style="width:75px;text-align:center" Ohio style="width:75px;text-align:center" New York

style="text-align:left" Running mate

style="width:75px;text-align:center" William A. Wheeler style="width:75px;text-align:center" Thomas A. Hendricks

style="text-align:left" Electoral vote

style="width:75px;text-align:center" 185 style="width:75px;text-align:center" 184

style="text-align:left" States carried

style="width:75px;text-align:center" 21 style="width:75px;text-align:center" 17

style="text-align:left" Popular vote

style="width:75px;text-align:center" 4,034,311 style="width:75px;text-align:center" 4,288,546

style="text-align:left" Percentage

style="width:75px;text-align:center" 47.9% style="width:75px;text-align:center" 50.9%

The United States presidential election of 1876 was the 23rd quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 7, 1876. It was one of the most contentious and controversial presidential elections in American history. The results of the election remain among the most disputed ever, although there is no question that Samuel J. Tilden of New York outpolled Ohio's Rutherford B. Hayes in the popular vote. After a first count of votes, Tilden won 184 electoral votes to Hayes's 165, with 20 votes unresolved. These 20 electoral votes were in dispute in four states: in the case of Florida, Louisiana, and South Carolina, each party reported its candidate had won the state, while in Oregon one elector was declared illegal (as an "elected or appointed official") and replaced. The question of who should have been awarded these electoral votes is the source of the continued controversy concerning the results of this election.

An informal deal was struck to resolve the dispute: the Compromise of 1877, which awarded all 20 electoral votes to Hayes. In return for the Democrats' acquiescence in Hayes's election, the Republicans agreed to withdraw federal troops from the South, ending Reconstruction. The Compromise effectively ceded power in the Southern states to the Democratic Redeemers, who went on to pursue their agenda of returning the South to a political economy resembling that of its pre-war condition, including the disenfranchisement of black voters.

This was the first presidential election in 20 years in which the Democratic candidate won a majority of the popular vote. This is also the only election in which a candidate for president received more than 50 percent of the popular vote but was not elected president by the Electoral College, and one of four elections in which the person winning the plurality of the popular vote did not win the election. It is to date the smallest electoral vote victory and the election with the highest voter turnout of the voting age population<ref name="turnout" /><ref>Between 1932 and 2008: {{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> in American history, at 81.8%.


United States presidential election, 1876 sections
Intro   Nominations    General election   Popular culture  See also  Footnotes  Reference and further reading   External links   

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Nominations
<<>>