::United Kingdom general election, 1874

::concepts



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colspan=4 style="text-align:center;" United Kingdom

colspan=4 { cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" style="background:transparent; width:100%;" style="width:25%;text-align:left;" class="noprint" 1868 ←

="width:50%;text-align:center;" 31 January–17 February 1874

="width:25%;text-align:right;" class="noprint" → 1880
}

colspan=4 style="text-align:center"

{ cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" style="background:transparent; width:100%;" style="width:50%; text-align:left; text-size: 80%" PM before election
William Ewart Gladstone
style="width:50%; text-align:right; text-size: 80%" Subsequent PM
Benjamin Disraeli
}

United Kingdom general election, 1874
colspan=4
  style="text-align:center;border-bottom: 6px solid #" {{#invoke:InfoboxImage|InfoboxImage|image=Disraeli.jpg|suppressplaceholder=yes}} style="text-align:center;border-bottom: 6px solid #" {{#invoke:InfoboxImage|InfoboxImage|image=Gladstone.jpg|suppressplaceholder=yes}} style="text-align:center;border-bottom: 6px solid #" {{#invoke:InfoboxImage|InfoboxImage|image=IsaacButt.gif|suppressplaceholder=yes}} colspan=4


  style="text-align:center;border-bottom: 6px solid #" {{#invoke:InfoboxImage|InfoboxImage|image=|suppressplaceholder=yes}} style="text-align:center;border-bottom: 6px solid #" {{#invoke:InfoboxImage|InfoboxImage|image=|suppressplaceholder=yes}}




































colspan=4


  style="text-align:center;border-bottom: 6px solid #" {{#invoke:InfoboxImage|InfoboxImage|image=|suppressplaceholder=yes}} style="text-align:center;border-bottom: 6px solid #" {{#invoke:InfoboxImage|InfoboxImage|image=|suppressplaceholder=yes}}



































colspan=4 style="text-align:center" All 652 seats to the House of Commons
327 seats needed for a majority
style="text-align:left;"   style="text-align:center" First party style="text-align:center" Second party style="text-align:center" Third party
style="text-align:left" Leader

style="width:75px;text-align:center" Benjamin Disraeli style="width:75px;text-align:center" William Ewart Gladstone style="width:75px;text-align:center" Isaac Butt

style="width:75px;text-align:left" Party

style="width:75px;text-align:center" style="width:75px;text-align:center" style="width:75px;text-align:center"

style="text-align:left" Leader since

style="width:75px;text-align:center" 27 February 1868 style="width:75px;text-align:center" 3 December 1868 style="width:75px;text-align:center" November 1873

style="text-align:left" Leader's seat

style="width:75px;text-align:center" Buckinghamshire style="width:75px;text-align:center" Greenwich style="width:75px;text-align:center" Limerick

style="text-align:left" Last election

style="width:75px;text-align:center" 271 seats, 38.4% style="width:75px;text-align:center" 387 seats, 61.5% style="width:75px;text-align:center" N/A

style="text-align:left" Seats won

style="width:75px;text-align:center" 350 style="width:75px;text-align:center" 242 style="width:75px;text-align:center" 60

style="text-align:left" Seat change

style="width:75px;text-align:center" Increase 79 style="width:75px;text-align:center" Decrease 145 style="width:75px;text-align:center" N/A

style="text-align:left" Popular vote

style="width:75px;text-align:center" 1,091,708 style="width:75px;text-align:center" 1,281,159 style="width:75px;text-align:center" 90,234

style="text-align:left" Percentage

style="width:75px;text-align:center" 44.3% style="width:75px;text-align:center" 52.0% style="width:75px;text-align:center" 3.7%

style="text-align:left" Swing

style="width:75px;text-align:center" Increase 5.9% style="width:75px;text-align:center" Decrease 9.5% style="width:75px;text-align:center" N/A

1865 election MPs
1868 election MPs
1874 election MPs
1880 election MPs
1885 election MPs

The 1874 United Kingdom general election saw the Liberals, led by William Ewart Gladstone, win a majority of the votes cast, but Benjamin Disraeli's Conservatives won the majority of seats in the House of Commons, largely because they won a number of uncontested seats. It was the first Conservative victory in a General Election since 1841.

The election also saw Irish nationalists in the Home Rule League become the first significant third party in Parliament. This had been the first General Election that used a secret ballot following the 1872 Secret Ballot Act. The Irish Nationalist gains could well be attributed to the effects of the secret ballot as tenants faced less of a threat of eviction if they voted against the wishes of their landlords.

This is the only time since the introduction of the secret ballot that a party has been defeated despite receiving an absolute majority of the popular vote. This was primarily because over 100 Conservative candidates were elected unopposed. This meant that there was no contest in many constituencies where the Conservatives were popular.


United Kingdom general election, 1874 sections
Intro  Results  References  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Results
<<>>

Align::center    Party::election    United::kingdom    Liberal::seats    General::bgcolor    Seats::colspan

{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use dmy dates |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use British English |date=__DATE__ |$B= }}

colspan=4 style="text-align:center;" United Kingdom

colspan=4 { cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" style="background:transparent; width:100%;" style="width:25%;text-align:left;" class="noprint" 1868 ←

="width:50%;text-align:center;" 31 January–17 February 1874

="width:25%;text-align:right;" class="noprint" → 1880
}

colspan=4 style="text-align:center"

{ cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" style="background:transparent; width:100%;" style="width:50%; text-align:left; text-size: 80%" PM before election
William Ewart Gladstone
style="width:50%; text-align:right; text-size: 80%" Subsequent PM
Benjamin Disraeli
}

United Kingdom general election, 1874
colspan=4
  style="text-align:center;border-bottom: 6px solid #" {{#invoke:InfoboxImage|InfoboxImage|image=Disraeli.jpg|suppressplaceholder=yes}} style="text-align:center;border-bottom: 6px solid #" {{#invoke:InfoboxImage|InfoboxImage|image=Gladstone.jpg|suppressplaceholder=yes}} style="text-align:center;border-bottom: 6px solid #" {{#invoke:InfoboxImage|InfoboxImage|image=IsaacButt.gif|suppressplaceholder=yes}} colspan=4


  style="text-align:center;border-bottom: 6px solid #" {{#invoke:InfoboxImage|InfoboxImage|image=|suppressplaceholder=yes}} style="text-align:center;border-bottom: 6px solid #" {{#invoke:InfoboxImage|InfoboxImage|image=|suppressplaceholder=yes}}




































colspan=4


  style="text-align:center;border-bottom: 6px solid #" {{#invoke:InfoboxImage|InfoboxImage|image=|suppressplaceholder=yes}} style="text-align:center;border-bottom: 6px solid #" {{#invoke:InfoboxImage|InfoboxImage|image=|suppressplaceholder=yes}}



































colspan=4 style="text-align:center" All 652 seats to the House of Commons
327 seats needed for a majority
style="text-align:left;"   style="text-align:center" First party style="text-align:center" Second party style="text-align:center" Third party
style="text-align:left" Leader

style="width:75px;text-align:center" Benjamin Disraeli style="width:75px;text-align:center" William Ewart Gladstone style="width:75px;text-align:center" Isaac Butt

style="width:75px;text-align:left" Party

style="width:75px;text-align:center" style="width:75px;text-align:center" style="width:75px;text-align:center"

style="text-align:left" Leader since

style="width:75px;text-align:center" 27 February 1868 style="width:75px;text-align:center" 3 December 1868 style="width:75px;text-align:center" November 1873

style="text-align:left" Leader's seat

style="width:75px;text-align:center" Buckinghamshire style="width:75px;text-align:center" Greenwich style="width:75px;text-align:center" Limerick

style="text-align:left" Last election

style="width:75px;text-align:center" 271 seats, 38.4% style="width:75px;text-align:center" 387 seats, 61.5% style="width:75px;text-align:center" N/A

style="text-align:left" Seats won

style="width:75px;text-align:center" 350 style="width:75px;text-align:center" 242 style="width:75px;text-align:center" 60

style="text-align:left" Seat change

style="width:75px;text-align:center" Increase 79 style="width:75px;text-align:center" Decrease 145 style="width:75px;text-align:center" N/A

style="text-align:left" Popular vote

style="width:75px;text-align:center" 1,091,708 style="width:75px;text-align:center" 1,281,159 style="width:75px;text-align:center" 90,234

style="text-align:left" Percentage

style="width:75px;text-align:center" 44.3% style="width:75px;text-align:center" 52.0% style="width:75px;text-align:center" 3.7%

style="text-align:left" Swing

style="width:75px;text-align:center" Increase 5.9% style="width:75px;text-align:center" Decrease 9.5% style="width:75px;text-align:center" N/A

1865 election MPs
1868 election MPs
1874 election MPs
1880 election MPs
1885 election MPs

The 1874 United Kingdom general election saw the Liberals, led by William Ewart Gladstone, win a majority of the votes cast, but Benjamin Disraeli's Conservatives won the majority of seats in the House of Commons, largely because they won a number of uncontested seats. It was the first Conservative victory in a General Election since 1841.

The election also saw Irish nationalists in the Home Rule League become the first significant third party in Parliament. This had been the first General Election that used a secret ballot following the 1872 Secret Ballot Act. The Irish Nationalist gains could well be attributed to the effects of the secret ballot as tenants faced less of a threat of eviction if they voted against the wishes of their landlords.

This is the only time since the introduction of the secret ballot that a party has been defeated despite receiving an absolute majority of the popular vote. This was primarily because over 100 Conservative candidates were elected unopposed. This meant that there was no contest in many constituencies where the Conservatives were popular.


United Kingdom general election, 1874 sections
Intro  Results  References  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Results
<<>>