::Indian Rebellion of 1857

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{{#invoke:redirect hatnote|redirect}} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use Indian English |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use dmy dates |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{#invoke:Infobox military conflict|main}}

The Indian Rebellion of 1857 refers to a rebellion in India against the rule of the British East India Company, that ran from May 1857 to June 1858. The rebellion began as a mutiny of sepoys of the East India Company's army on 10 May 1857, in the cantonment of the town of Meerut, and soon escalated into other mutinies and civilian rebellions largely in the upper Gangetic plain and central India, with the major hostilities confined to present-day Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, northern Madhya Pradesh, and the Delhi region.<ref name=intro-refs>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}} {{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}} Quote: "The 1857 rebellion was by and large confined to northern Indian Gangetic Plain and central India.", {{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}, and {{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref> The rebellion posed a considerable threat to East India Company power in that region,<ref>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}} Quote: "What distinguished the events of 1857 was their scale and the fact that for a short time they posed a military threat to British dominance in the Ganges Plain."</ref> and was contained only with the fall of Gwalior on 20 June 1858.<ref name=intro-refs/> The rebellion is also known as India's First War of Independence, the Great Rebellion, the Indian Rebellion, the Indian Mutiny, the Revolt of 1857, the Rebellion of 1857, the Uprising of 1857, the Sepoy Rebellion, the Indian Insurrection and the Sepoy Mutiny.

Other regions of Company-controlled India, such as Bengal, the Bombay Presidency, and the Madras Presidency, remained largely calm.<ref name=intro-refs/> In Punjab, the Sikh princes backed the Company by providing soldiers and support.<ref name=intro-refs/> The large princely states of Hyderabad, Mysore, Travancore, and Kashmir, as well as the smaller ones of Rajputana, did not join the rebellion.<ref name=spear>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref> In some regions, such as Oudh, the rebellion took on the attributes of a patriotic revolt against European presence.<ref>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}, {{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref> Maratha leaders, such as Lakshmibai, the Rani of Jhansi, became folk heroes in the nationalist movement in India half a century later.<ref name=intro-refs/>

The rebellion led to the dissolution of the East India Company in 1858. It also led the British to reorganise the army, the financial system and the administration in India.<ref>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref> The country was thereafter directly governed by the crown as the new British Raj.<ref name=spear/>


Indian Rebellion of 1857 sections
Intro  East India Company's expansion in India  Causes of the rebellion  Onset of the Rebellion  Support and opposition  The Revolt  Aftermath  Nomenclature  Historiography  The 150th anniversary  In popular culture  See also  Notes  References  External links  

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{{#invoke:redirect hatnote|redirect}} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use Indian English |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use dmy dates |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{#invoke:Infobox military conflict|main}}

The Indian Rebellion of 1857 refers to a rebellion in India against the rule of the British East India Company, that ran from May 1857 to June 1858. The rebellion began as a mutiny of sepoys of the East India Company's army on 10 May 1857, in the cantonment of the town of Meerut, and soon escalated into other mutinies and civilian rebellions largely in the upper Gangetic plain and central India, with the major hostilities confined to present-day Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, northern Madhya Pradesh, and the Delhi region.<ref name=intro-refs>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}} {{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}} Quote: "The 1857 rebellion was by and large confined to northern Indian Gangetic Plain and central India.", {{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}, and {{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref> The rebellion posed a considerable threat to East India Company power in that region,<ref>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}} Quote: "What distinguished the events of 1857 was their scale and the fact that for a short time they posed a military threat to British dominance in the Ganges Plain."</ref> and was contained only with the fall of Gwalior on 20 June 1858.<ref name=intro-refs/> The rebellion is also known as India's First War of Independence, the Great Rebellion, the Indian Rebellion, the Indian Mutiny, the Revolt of 1857, the Rebellion of 1857, the Uprising of 1857, the Sepoy Rebellion, the Indian Insurrection and the Sepoy Mutiny.

Other regions of Company-controlled India, such as Bengal, the Bombay Presidency, and the Madras Presidency, remained largely calm.<ref name=intro-refs/> In Punjab, the Sikh princes backed the Company by providing soldiers and support.<ref name=intro-refs/> The large princely states of Hyderabad, Mysore, Travancore, and Kashmir, as well as the smaller ones of Rajputana, did not join the rebellion.<ref name=spear>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref> In some regions, such as Oudh, the rebellion took on the attributes of a patriotic revolt against European presence.<ref>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}, {{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref> Maratha leaders, such as Lakshmibai, the Rani of Jhansi, became folk heroes in the nationalist movement in India half a century later.<ref name=intro-refs/>

The rebellion led to the dissolution of the East India Company in 1858. It also led the British to reorganise the army, the financial system and the administration in India.<ref>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref> The country was thereafter directly governed by the crown as the new British Raj.<ref name=spear/>


Indian Rebellion of 1857 sections
Intro  East India Company's expansion in India  Causes of the rebellion  Onset of the Rebellion  Support and opposition  The Revolt  Aftermath  Nomenclature  Historiography  The 150th anniversary  In popular culture  See also  Notes  References  External links  

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