::Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855

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The Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855 resulted from the 1855 Exposition Universelle de Paris, when Emperor Napoleon III requested a classification system for France's best Bordeaux wines that were to be on display for visitors from around the world. Brokers from the wine industry ranked the wines according to a château's reputation and trading price, which at that time was directly related to quality.

The wines were ranked in importance from first to fifth growths (crus). All of the red wines that made it on the list came from the Médoc region except for one: Château Haut-Brion from Graves. The white wines, then of much less importance than red wine, were limited to the sweet varieties of Sauternes and Barsac and were ranked only from first great growth to second growth.


Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855 sections
Intro   Changes to the classification    Critique   The M\u00e9doc Classification of 1855  See also  Notes and references  External links  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Changes to the classification
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Margaux::pauillac    First::barsac    Title::-julien    Bordeaux::label    Growths::small    Wines::growth

The Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855 resulted from the 1855 Exposition Universelle de Paris, when Emperor Napoleon III requested a classification system for France's best Bordeaux wines that were to be on display for visitors from around the world. Brokers from the wine industry ranked the wines according to a château's reputation and trading price, which at that time was directly related to quality.

The wines were ranked in importance from first to fifth growths (crus). All of the red wines that made it on the list came from the Médoc region except for one: Château Haut-Brion from Graves. The white wines, then of much less importance than red wine, were limited to the sweet varieties of Sauternes and Barsac and were ranked only from first great growth to second growth.


Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855 sections
Intro   Changes to the classification    Critique   The M\u00e9doc Classification of 1855  See also  Notes and references  External links  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Changes to the classification
<<>>