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Polygamy, or plural marriage, in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints probably originated with the founder of Mormonism, Joseph Smith, who taught that polygamy was a divine commandment. Smith practiced it personally, by some accounts marrying more than 30 women.<ref name="Foster 1981">{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref><ref name=quinn1994>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref><ref name="Compton 1997"/><ref>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref><ref name=wagoner1989>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref> Evidence for Smith's position is provided by the church's "sealing" records, public marriage licenses (in many cases notarized), affidavits, letters, and journals and diaries;<ref name="Foster 1981"/> however, until after his death, Smith and the leading church quorums denied that he preached or practiced polygamy.<ref name=ts423/><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=citation }}</ref> Smith's son Joseph Smith III, his widow Emma Smith, and the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (RLDS Church, now called the Community of Christ) challenged the evidence and taught that Joseph Smith had opposed polygamy. They instead claimed that Brigham Young, the head of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), introduced plural marriage after Smith's death.<ref name=ts423>Times and Seasons, vol. 5, no. 6 p. 423: "As we have lately been credibly informed, that an Elder of the Church of Jesus Christ, of Latter-day Saints, by the name of Hiram Brown, has been preaching Polygamy, and other false and corrupt doctrines, in the county of Lapeer, state of Michigan."</ref><ref>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref><ref name=ts5>Times and Seasons, vol. 5, no. 3, p. 474.</ref><ref>Millennial Star 4 [January 1844]: 144.</ref> In 1852, leaders of the Utah-based LDS Church acknowledged that Smith taught and practiced polygamy.


Origin of Latter Day Saint polygamy sections
Intro  [[Origin_of_Latter_Day_Saint_polygamy?section=1830s:_origins_{{safesubst:#invoke:anchor|main}}|1830s: origins {{safesubst:#invoke:anchor|main}}]]  1840s: development and fallout  [[Origin_of_Latter_Day_Saint_polygamy?section=1850s:_official_sanction_{{safesubst:#invoke:anchor|main}}|1850s: official sanction {{safesubst:#invoke:anchor|main}}]]  Expansion and repudiation   Stance of other Latter Day Saint sects   See also   Notes   References   Further information   

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Polygamy, or plural marriage, in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints probably originated with the founder of Mormonism, Joseph Smith, who taught that polygamy was a divine commandment. Smith practiced it personally, by some accounts marrying more than 30 women.<ref name="Foster 1981">{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref><ref name=quinn1994>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref><ref name="Compton 1997"/><ref>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref><ref name=wagoner1989>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref> Evidence for Smith's position is provided by the church's "sealing" records, public marriage licenses (in many cases notarized), affidavits, letters, and journals and diaries;<ref name="Foster 1981"/> however, until after his death, Smith and the leading church quorums denied that he preached or practiced polygamy.<ref name=ts423/><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=citation }}</ref> Smith's son Joseph Smith III, his widow Emma Smith, and the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (RLDS Church, now called the Community of Christ) challenged the evidence and taught that Joseph Smith had opposed polygamy. They instead claimed that Brigham Young, the head of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), introduced plural marriage after Smith's death.<ref name=ts423>Times and Seasons, vol. 5, no. 6 p. 423: "As we have lately been credibly informed, that an Elder of the Church of Jesus Christ, of Latter-day Saints, by the name of Hiram Brown, has been preaching Polygamy, and other false and corrupt doctrines, in the county of Lapeer, state of Michigan."</ref><ref>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref><ref name=ts5>Times and Seasons, vol. 5, no. 3, p. 474.</ref><ref>Millennial Star 4 [January 1844]: 144.</ref> In 1852, leaders of the Utah-based LDS Church acknowledged that Smith taught and practiced polygamy.


Origin of Latter Day Saint polygamy sections
Intro  [[Origin_of_Latter_Day_Saint_polygamy?section=1830s:_origins_{{safesubst:#invoke:anchor|main}}|1830s: origins {{safesubst:#invoke:anchor|main}}]]  1840s: development and fallout  [[Origin_of_Latter_Day_Saint_polygamy?section=1850s:_official_sanction_{{safesubst:#invoke:anchor|main}}|1850s: official sanction {{safesubst:#invoke:anchor|main}}]]  Expansion and repudiation   Stance of other Latter Day Saint sects   See also   Notes   References   Further information   

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