::1815 Eruption of Mount Tambora


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The 1815 Eruption of Mount Tambora, on the island of Sumbawa in Indonesia, was one of the most powerful in recorded history and is classified as a VEI-7 event. The eruption resulted in a brief period of significant climate change that consistently led to various cases of extreme weather. Several climate forcings coincided and interacted in a systematic manner that has not been observed since, despite other large eruptions that have occurred since the early 20th century. Although the link between the post-eruption climate changes and the Tambora event has been established by various scientists, the understanding of the processes involved is incomplete.<ref>Climate Forcing</ref>

The eruption reached a climax on 10 April 1815<ref>Earth Observatory</ref> and was followed by between six months and three years of increased steaming and small phreatic eruptions. The eruption column lowered global temperatures, and some experts believe this led to global cooling and worldwide harvest failures, sometimes known as the Year Without a Summer.<ref name="usgs" />

1815 Eruption of Mount Tambora sections
Intro   Chronology of the eruption    Aftermath    Disruption of global temperatures    Effects of volcanism    Impact of the eruption    Comparison of selected volcanic eruptions    See also    References   

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