::(53) Kalypso



{{#invoke:Infobox|infobox}} 53 Kalypso {{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}} is a large and very dark main belt asteroid that was discovered by German astronomer Robert Luther on April 4, 1858 at Düsseldorf.<ref name="IAU_MPC"/> It is named after Calypso, a sea nymph in Greek mythology, a name it shares with Calypso, a moon of Saturn.

The orbit of 53 Kalypso places it in a mean motion resonance with the planets Jupiter and Saturn. The computed Lyapunov time for this asteroid is 19,000 years, indicating that it occupies a chaotic orbit that will change randomly over time because of gravitational perturbations of the planets.<ref name="Sidlichovsky"/>

Photometric observations of this asteroid during 2005–06 gave a light curve with a period of 18.075 ± 0.005 hours and a brightness variation of 0.14 in magnitude.<ref name="Pray2006"/> In 2009, a photometric study from a different viewing angle was performed at the Organ Mesa Observatory in Las Cruces, New Mexico, yielding a rotation period of 9.036 ± 0.001 with a brightness variation of 0.14 ± 0.02 magnitude. This is exactly half of the 2005-06 result. The author of the earlier study used additional data observation that favored the 9.036 hour period. The discrepancy was deemed a consequence of viewing the asteroid from different longitudes.<ref name="Pilcher2010"/>

Kalypso has been studied by radar.<ref name="detected">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

(53) Kalypso sections