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{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use mdy dates |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} Black is the darkest color, the result of the absence of or complete absorption of light. It is the opposite of white (the combined spectrum of color or light).<ref>Shorter Oxford English Dictionary. 5th Edition (2002): "Opposite to white: colourless from the absence or complete absorption of light. Also, so near this as to have no distinguishable colour, very dark." See also Webster's New World Dictionary of the American Language (1964): "The darkest color". Le Petit Larousse Illustré (1997): "Se dit de la couleur la plus foncée, due à l'absence ou à l'absorption totale des rayons lumineux." ("said of the very darkest color, due to the absence or complete absorption of all rays of light.")</ref> It is an achromatic color, literally a color without color or hue.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> It is one of the four primary colors in the CMYK color model, along with cyan, yellow, and magenta, used in color printing to produce all the other colors.

Black was one of the first colors used by artists in neolithic cave paintings. In the 14th century, it began to be worn by royalty, the clergy, judges and government officials in much of Europe. It became the color worn by English romantic poets, businessmen and statesmen in the 19th century, and a high fashion color in the 20th century.{{#invoke:Footnotes|sfn}}

In the Roman Empire, it became the color of mourning, and over the centuries it was frequently associated with death, evil, witches and magic. According to surveys in Europe and North America, it is the color most commonly associated with mourning, the end, secrets, magic, force, violence, evil, and elegance.<ref>Eva Heller (2000), Psychologie de la couleur - effets et symboliques (p. 105–27).</ref>


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