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A struggle session was a form of public humiliation and torture used by the Communist Party of China in the Mao Zedong era to shape public opinion and to humiliate, persecute, or execute political rivals and class enemies. In general, the victim of a struggle session was forced to admit to various crimes before a crowd of people who would verbally and physically abuse the victim until he or she confessed. Struggle sessions were often held at the workplace of the accused, but were sometimes conducted in sports stadiums where large crowds would gather if the target was famous enough.<ref name="lipman-harrell">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>

During Mao's leadership, the Chinese people attended many different types of struggle sessions, sometimes consisting of 100,000 people. During the 1950s when Mao's Government began the Land Reform movement, poorer peasants seized the land from their landlords, who were given the title of exploiting class ({{#invoke:Zh|Zh}}), and an estimated 2 million landlords were swiftly executed after being subjected to a struggle session.{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Category handler|main}}{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}[citation needed] }}


Struggle session sections
Intro  Etymology  Origins and purpose  Accounts of struggle sessions  Disuse after 1978  See also  References  

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A struggle session was a form of public humiliation and torture used by the Communist Party of China in the Mao Zedong era to shape public opinion and to humiliate, persecute, or execute political rivals and class enemies. In general, the victim of a struggle session was forced to admit to various crimes before a crowd of people who would verbally and physically abuse the victim until he or she confessed. Struggle sessions were often held at the workplace of the accused, but were sometimes conducted in sports stadiums where large crowds would gather if the target was famous enough.<ref name="lipman-harrell">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>

During Mao's leadership, the Chinese people attended many different types of struggle sessions, sometimes consisting of 100,000 people. During the 1950s when Mao's Government began the Land Reform movement, poorer peasants seized the land from their landlords, who were given the title of exploiting class ({{#invoke:Zh|Zh}}), and an estimated 2 million landlords were swiftly executed after being subjected to a struggle session.{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Category handler|main}}{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}[citation needed] }}


Struggle session sections
Intro  Etymology  Origins and purpose  Accounts of struggle sessions  Disuse after 1978  See also  References  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Etymology
<<>>