::'t Hooft–Polyakov monopole


Higgs::monopole    Hooft::polyakov    Gauge::field    Group::vacuum    Origin::solution    Theories::finite

In theoretical physics, the 't Hooft–Polyakov monopole is a topological soliton similar to the Dirac monopole but without any singularities. It arises in the case of a Yang–Mills theory with a gauge group G, coupled to a Higgs field which spontaneously breaks it down to a smaller group H via the Higgs mechanism. It was first found independently by Gerard 't Hooft and Alexander Polyakov.<ref>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref><ref>A.M. Polyakov, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. Pis'ma. Red. 20, 430 (1974) [JETP Lett. 20, 194 (1974)]. inSPIRES Record</ref>

Unlike the Dirac monopole, the 't Hooft–Polyakov monopole is a smooth solution with a finite total energy. The solution is localized around <math>r=0</math>. Very far from the origin, the gauge group G is broken to H, and the 't Hooft–Polyakov monopole reduces to the Dirac monopole.

However, at the origin itself, the G gauge symmetry is unbroken and the solution is non-singular also near the origin. The Higgs field

<math>H_i \qquad (i=1,2,3) \,</math>

is proportional to

<math>x_i f(|x|) \,</math>

where the adjoint indices are identified with the three-dimensional spatial indices. The gauge field at infinity is such that the Higgs field's dependence on the angular directions is pure gauge. The precise configuration for the Higgs field and the gauge field near the origin is such that it satisfies the full Yang–Mills–Higgs equations of motion.

't Hooft–Polyakov monopole sections
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