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In linguistics, a copula (plural: copulas or copulae) is a word used to link the subject of a sentence with a predicate (a subject complement), such as the word is in the sentence "The sky is blue." The word copula derives from the Latin noun for a "link" or "tie" that connects two different things.<ref>See the appendix to Moro 1997 and the references cited there for a short history of the copula.</ref>

A copula is often a verb or a verb-like word, though this is not universally the case.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Page needed |date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Category handler|main}}{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}[page needed] }}</ref> A verb that is a copula is sometimes called a copulative or copular verb. In English primary education grammar courses, a copula is often called a linking verb. In other languages, copulas show more resemblances to pronouns, as in Classical Chinese and Guarani, or may take the form of suffixes attached to a noun, as in Beja, Ket, and Inuit languages.

Most languages have one main copula, although some (such as Spanish, Portuguese and Thai) have more than one, and some have none. In the case of English, this is the verb to be. While the term copula is generally used to refer to such principal forms, it may also be used to refer to some other verbs with similar functions, like become, get, feel and seem in English (these may also be called "semi-copulas" or "pseudo-copulas").


Copula (linguistics) sections
Intro  Grammatical function  Meanings  Forms  Additional uses of copular verbs  Zero copula  Additional copulas  Copulas in particular languages  See also  Notes  References  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Grammatical function
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In linguistics, a copula (plural: copulas or copulae) is a word used to link the subject of a sentence with a predicate (a subject complement), such as the word is in the sentence "The sky is blue." The word copula derives from the Latin noun for a "link" or "tie" that connects two different things.<ref>See the appendix to Moro 1997 and the references cited there for a short history of the copula.</ref>

A copula is often a verb or a verb-like word, though this is not universally the case.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Page needed |date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Category handler|main}}{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}[page needed] }}</ref> A verb that is a copula is sometimes called a copulative or copular verb. In English primary education grammar courses, a copula is often called a linking verb. In other languages, copulas show more resemblances to pronouns, as in Classical Chinese and Guarani, or may take the form of suffixes attached to a noun, as in Beja, Ket, and Inuit languages.

Most languages have one main copula, although some (such as Spanish, Portuguese and Thai) have more than one, and some have none. In the case of English, this is the verb to be. While the term copula is generally used to refer to such principal forms, it may also be used to refer to some other verbs with similar functions, like become, get, feel and seem in English (these may also be called "semi-copulas" or "pseudo-copulas").


Copula (linguistics) sections
Intro  Grammatical function  Meanings  Forms  Additional uses of copular verbs  Zero copula  Additional copulas  Copulas in particular languages  See also  Notes  References  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Grammatical function
<<>>