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An encyclopedia or encyclopaedia (also spelled encyclopædia, see spelling differences)<ref name="Oxford English Dictionary">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> is a type of reference work or compendium holding a comprehensive summary of information from either all branches of knowledge or a particular branch of knowledge.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }} Glossary of Library Terms. Riverside City College, Digital Library/Learning Resource Center. Retrieved on: November 17, 2007.</ref> Encyclopedias are divided into articles or entries, which are usually accessed alphabetically by article name.<ref name=DOLencyclopedia>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> Encyclopedia entries are longer and more detailed than those in most dictionaries.<ref name=DOLencyclopedia/> Generally speaking, unlike dictionary entries, which focus on linguistic information about words, encyclopedia articles focus on factual information to cover the thing or concept for which the article name stands.<ref name=bejoint>Béjoint, Henri (2000). Modern Lexicography, pp. 30–31. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-829951-6</ref><ref name=EB>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref name=DOLei>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref name=OHEL22>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>

Encyclopedias have existed for around 2,000 years; the oldest still in existence, Naturalis Historia, was written starting in ca. AD 77 by Pliny the Elder and was not fully revised at the time of his death in AD 79. The modern encyclopedia evolved out of dictionaries around the 17th century. Historically, some encyclopedias were contained in one volume, whereas others, such as the Encyclopædia Britannica, the Enciclopedia Italiana (62 volumes, 56,000 pages) or the world's largest, Enciclopedia universal ilustrada europeo-americana (118 volumes, 105,000 pages), became huge multi-volume works. Some modern encyclopedias, such as Wikipedia, are electronic and often freely available.


Encyclopedia sections
Intro  Etymology  Characteristics  History  See also  Notes  References  [[Encyclopedia?section=External</a>_links|External</a> links]]  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Etymology
<<>>

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An encyclopedia or encyclopaedia (also spelled encyclopædia, see spelling differences)<ref name="Oxford English Dictionary">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> is a type of reference work or compendium holding a comprehensive summary of information from either all branches of knowledge or a particular branch of knowledge.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }} Glossary of Library Terms. Riverside City College, Digital Library/Learning Resource Center. Retrieved on: November 17, 2007.</ref> Encyclopedias are divided into articles or entries, which are usually accessed alphabetically by article name.<ref name=DOLencyclopedia>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> Encyclopedia entries are longer and more detailed than those in most dictionaries.<ref name=DOLencyclopedia/> Generally speaking, unlike dictionary entries, which focus on linguistic information about words, encyclopedia articles focus on factual information to cover the thing or concept for which the article name stands.<ref name=bejoint>Béjoint, Henri (2000). Modern Lexicography, pp. 30–31. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-829951-6</ref><ref name=EB>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref name=DOLei>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref name=OHEL22>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>

Encyclopedias have existed for around 2,000 years; the oldest still in existence, Naturalis Historia, was written starting in ca. AD 77 by Pliny the Elder and was not fully revised at the time of his death in AD 79. The modern encyclopedia evolved out of dictionaries around the 17th century. Historically, some encyclopedias were contained in one volume, whereas others, such as the Encyclopædia Britannica, the Enciclopedia Italiana (62 volumes, 56,000 pages) or the world's largest, Enciclopedia universal ilustrada europeo-americana (118 volumes, 105,000 pages), became huge multi-volume works. Some modern encyclopedias, such as Wikipedia, are electronic and often freely available.


Encyclopedia sections
Intro  Etymology  Characteristics  History  See also  Notes  References  [[Encyclopedia?section=External</a>_links|External</a> links]]  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Etymology
<<>>